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648566

Sigma-Aldrich

Toluene

suitable for HPLC, ≥99.9%

Linear Formula:
C6H5CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.14
Beilstein:
635760
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

vapor density

3.2 (vs air)

vapor pressure

22 mmHg ( 20 °C)
26 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

≥99.9%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

997 °F

expl. lim.

7 %

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤0.02% water

evapn. residue

≤0.0005%

color

colorless

refractive index

n/D 1.496 (lit.)

bp

110-111 °C (lit.)

mp

-93 °C (lit.)

density

0.865 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

UV absorption

λ: 290 nm Amax: 0.30
λ: 310 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 350 nm Amax: 0.004

SMILES string

Cc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C7H8/c1-7-5-3-2-4-6-7/h2-6H,1H3

InChI key

YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Toluene, a benzene analog, is widely employed as an organic solvent. It has been reported to be a biotoxic solvent (toxic to many microorganisms at 0.1%v/v concentrations). Its anaerobic biodegradation to CO2, by the denitrifying bacterium Thauera arornatica has been reported. It forms syndiotactic polystyrene-toluene molecular compound. Crystal structure of this molecular compound has been investigated by X-ray diffraction studies.

Application

Toluene may be used in the following studies:
  • As a doping agent during the quantitative estimation of triacylglycerols (TAGs) by liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure photoionization-mass spectrometry (LC-APPIMS). It has been reported to improve the sensitivity of analysis.
  • For the decontamination of microbial cultures and lyse bacterial cells in bacterial enzyme assays.
  • As a solvent for the preparation of 4-arm polylactide-based (PLA) star oligomer.

Packaging

4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle

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Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

39.2 °F

Flash Point(C)

4.0 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Sheng-Suan Cai et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1173(1-2), 88-97 (2007-10-30)
In this work, we evaluate the performance of liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure photoionization-mass spectrometry (LC-APPI-MS) for non-aqueous reversed phase analysis of six triacylglycerol model compounds using six binary mobile phases including MeOH/iPrOH, MeOH/CHCl(3), MeOH/CH(2)Cl(2), CH(3)CN/iPrOH, CH(3)CN/CHCl(3), and CH(3)CN/CH(2)Cl(2). All mobile phases...
V Melissinaki et al.
Biofabrication, 3(4), 045005-045005 (2011-09-21)
This study reports on the production of high-resolution 3D structures of polylactide-based materials via multi-photon polymerization and explores their use as neural tissue engineering scaffolds. To achieve this, a liquid polylactide resin was synthesized in house and rendered photocurable via...
T Biegert et al.
European journal of biochemistry, 238(3), 661-668 (1996-06-15)
Toluene is degraded anoxically to CO2 by the denitrifying bacterium Thauera aromatica. Toluene first becomes oxidized to benzoyl-CoA by O2-independent reactions. Benzoyl-CoA is then reduced to non-aromatic products by benzoyl-CoA reductase. We set out to study the reactions employed for...
Structural study on syndiotactic polystyrene: 2. Crystal structure of molecular compound with toluene.
Chatani Y, et al.
Polymer, 34(8), 1620-1620 (1993)
A Pseudomonas thrives in high concentrations of toluene.
Inoue A and Horikoshi K.
Nature, 338, 264-266 (1989)

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