81910

Sigma-Aldrich

Propionic acid

puriss. p.a., ≥99.5% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Propanyl acid, Acid C3, Propanoic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.08
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
506071
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021305
PubChem Substance ID:
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.4 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

autoignition temp.

955 °F

expl. lim.

12.1 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.386 (lit.)
n20/D 1.386

bp

141 °C (lit.)

mp

−24-−23 °C (lit.)

solubility

organic solvents: soluble(lit.)
water: soluble(lit.)

density

0.993 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.5 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤1 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O2/c1-2-3(4)5/h2H2,1H3,(H,4,5)

InChI key

XBDQKXXYIPTUBI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Propionic acid is a linear monocarboxylic acid. It affords esters on reaction with alcohols or alkenes. It can be synthesized by reacting ethane, carbon monoxide and water. It participates as a precursor in the preparation of smallest azolium homoenolate intermediate.

Application

Propionic acid may be used in the synthesis of cellulose propionate (cellulose ester).

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Hazard Codes

C

Risk Statement

10-34-37

Safety Statement

23-36-45

RIDADR

UN3463 - class 3 - Propionic acid

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

129.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

54 °C - closed cup

Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 194-194 (1994)
Zhichao Jin et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 21(26), 9360-9363 (2015-05-28)
Direct β-carbon activation of propionic acid (C2H5CO2H) by carbene organocatalysis has been developed. This activation affords the smallest azolium homoenolate intermediate (without any substituent) as a 3-carbon nucleophile for enantioselective reactions. Propionic acid is an excellent raw material because it...
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 898-898 (1994)
Weiqiang Chen et al.
Journal of virology, 89(1), 581-593 (2014-10-24)
The recent global resurgence of arthritogenic alphaviruses, in particular chikungunya virus (CHIKV), highlights an urgent need for the development of therapeutic intervention strategies. While there has been significant progress in defining the pathophysiology of alphaviral disease, relatively little is known...
R De Kanter et al.
Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems, 32(5), 349-362 (2002-06-18)
1. Organ-specific biotransformation was studied in human and rat liver, lung, kidney and small intestine slices and compared on a protein basis, using four model substances. 2. Deethylation of lidocaine was highest in liver slices from both man and rat...

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