81910

Sigma-Aldrich

Propionic acid

puriss. p.a., ≥99.5% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Propanyl acid, Acid C3, Propanoic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.08
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
506071
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021305
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.4 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

autoignition temp.

955 °F

expl. lim.

12.1 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.386 (lit.)
n20/D 1.386

bp

141 °C (lit.)

mp

−24-−23 °C (lit.)

solubility

organic solvents: soluble(lit.)
water: soluble(lit.)

density

0.993 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.5 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤1 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O2/c1-2-3(4)5/h2H2,1H3,(H,4,5)

InChI key

XBDQKXXYIPTUBI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Propionic acid is a linear monocarboxylic acid. It affords esters on reaction with alcohols or alkenes. It can be synthesized by reacting ethane, carbon monoxide and water. It participates as a precursor in the preparation of smallest azolium homoenolate intermediate.

Application

Propionic acid may be used in the synthesis of cellulose propionate (cellulose ester).

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

129.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

54 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Zhichao Jin et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 21(26), 9360-9363 (2015-05-28)
Direct β-carbon activation of propionic acid (C2H5CO2H) by carbene organocatalysis has been developed. This activation affords the smallest azolium homoenolate intermediate (without any substituent) as a 3-carbon nucleophile for enantioselective reactions. Propionic acid is an excellent raw material because it...
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 898-898 (1994)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 194-194 (1994)
R De Kanter et al.
Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems, 32(5), 349-362 (2002-06-18)
1. Organ-specific biotransformation was studied in human and rat liver, lung, kidney and small intestine slices and compared on a protein basis, using four model substances. 2. Deethylation of lidocaine was highest in liver slices from both man and rat...
M Denise Robertson et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 82(3), 559-567 (2005-09-13)
Resistant starch may modulate insulin sensitivity, although the precise mechanism of this action is unknown. We studied the effects of resistant starch on insulin sensitivity and tissue metabolism. We used a 4-wk supplementation period with 30 g resistant starch/d, compared...

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