Bovine Serum Albumin

For use as a marker in SDS-PAGE

Albumin bovine serum, Bovine albumin, BSA
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source



lyophilized powder

mol wt

~66 kDa

purified by

cold ethanol fractionation


vial of 25 mg


USA origin


electrophoresis: suitable




water: slightly soluble


suitable for (Suitable for use as an electrophoresis marker)

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.


Gene Information

bovine ... ALB(280717)

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General description

Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) is a globular and α-helical single-chain protein, produced in the liver. This non-glycosylated protein belongs to the serum albumins family. BSA consists of three homologous domains with two sub-domains each.


Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) has been used:
  • as a standard protein in the elution-filter aided proteome preparation (FASP) method and in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(SDS-PAGE)
  • as a component of the molecular weight marker in SDS-PAGE and western blotting
  • as a blocking agent in immunofluorescence

Biochem/physiol Actions

Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) participates in the transport of endogenous and exogenous substances, such as hormones, fatty acids, drugs, and xenobiotics. It is used as a blocking agent in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). BSA is usually preferred for the preparation of serum-free media. It is used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry.
Certain conformational and primary-sequence epitopes of BSA are suspected allergens in human beef and milk allergies.

Preparation Note

Serum albumin may be referred to as Fraction V. This naming convention is taken from the original Cohn method of fractionating serum proteins using cold ethanol precipitation. Serum albumin was found in the fifth ethanol fraction using Cohn′s method. Since then, the term "Fraction V" has been used by some to describe serum albumin regardless of the method of preparation. Others have used this term to describe serum albumin purified by ethanol fractionation methods that have been highly modified since the original Cohn method was described. Sigma-Aldrich manufactures and distributes serum albumins purified from a variety of primary methods including the true Cohn fractionation method, modified ethanol fractionation methods, heat shock and chromatography. Additional purification steps may include crystallization or charcoal filtration.

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Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Feiran Hao et al.
The Analyst, 141(16), 4953-4960 (2016-06-17)
Currently, the separation targets of preparative electrophoresis range from milligrams to micrograms of proteins. However, most commercially available preparative electrophoretic instruments function at the milligram level. Although some preparative electrophoretic apparatuses operated at the microgram level, the fractionation results are...
Mehdi Fazlalipour et al.
Jundishapur journal of microbiology, 8(4), e17157-e17157 (2015-06-03)
Gradual development of a useful vaccine can be the main point in the control and eradication of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Hepatitis C Virus envelope glycoproteins are considered as the main HCV vaccine candidate. In this study, the Pichia...
Structural changes during the unfolding of Bovine serum albumin in the presence of urea: A small-angle neutron scattering study
Pramana, 63(2), 363-368 (2004)
Yuhong Xiao et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 384(1-2), 148-151 (2012-06-27)
The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is an extremely common and powerful laboratory technique for detecting proteins by antibodies. Researchers frequently use bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a blocking agent to prevent non-specific binding of antigens and antibodies to the microtiter...
Geoffrey L Francis
Cytotechnology, 62(1), 1-16 (2010-04-08)
Albumin has a long historical involvement in design of media for the successful culture of mammalian cells, in both the research and commercial fields. The potential application of albumins, bovine or human serum albumin, for cell culture is a by-product...

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