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C6152

Sigma-Aldrich

Carmine

certified by the Biological Stain Commission

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Synonym(s):
Alum lake of carminic acid, Cochineal, Nacarat, Natural Red 4
CAS Number:
Colour Index Number:
75470
EC Number:
NACRES:
NA.47

grade

certified by the Biological Stain Commission

Quality Level

form

powder

composition

Dye content: minimum has not been established

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing
hematology
histology

storage temp.

room temp

InChI

1S/C22H20O13/c1-4-8-5(2-6(24)9(4)22(33)34)13(25)10-11(15(8)27)16(28)12(18(30)17(10)29)21-20(32)19(31)14(26)7(3-23)35-21/h2,7,14,19-21,23-24,26,28-32H,3H2,1H3,(H,33,34)

InChI key

DGQLVPJVXFOQEV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
C1022131164S4261
Carmine certified by the Biological Stain Commission

Sigma-Aldrich

C6152

Carmine

Carmine powder

Sigma-Aldrich

C1022

Carmine

Indigo carmine certified by the Biological Stain Commission, Dye content 85 %

Sigma-Aldrich

131164

Indigo carmine

Sudan IV certified by the Biological Stain Commission, BioXtra

Sigma-Aldrich

S4261

Sudan IV

form

powder

form

powder

form

solid

form

powder

composition

Dye content: minimum has not been established

composition

-

composition

Dye content, 85%

composition

Dye content, ≥80%

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing
hematology
histology

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing
hematology
histology

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing
hematology
histology

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing
hematology
histology

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

room temp

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

General description

Carmine is a red compound and is commonly used with aluminum, iron or other metal salts to enhance its activity. During smear preparation, carmine is required for chromatin staining in fresh material. In presence of aluminum chloride, it is required for the staining of glycogen.

Application

Carmine has been used for the staining of mammary glands. It has also been used for the staining of chromosomes.

Suitability

Certified for use in Orth′s lithium carbonate technique, Southgate′s mucicarmine method, and Best′s carmine for glycogen

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificates of Analysis (COA)

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Precocious differentiation of the virgin Wistar-Kyoto rat mammary gland.
Benton ME, et al.
Endocrinology, 140, 2659-2659 (1999)
Genetic background affects susceptibility to mammary hyperplasias and carcinomas in Apc(min)/+ mice.
Moser AR, et al.
Cancer Research, 61, 3480-3480 (2001)
Florence Charlot et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(19), 11965-11978 (2014-09-28)
The eukaryotic RecA homologue Rad51 is a key factor in homologous recombination and recombinational repair. Rad51-like proteins have been identified in yeast (Rad55, Rad57 and Dmc1), plants and vertebrates (RAD51B, RAD51C, RAD51D, XRCC2, XRCC3 and DMC1). RAD51 and DMC1 are
Methods in Mammary Gland Biology and Breast Cancer Research (2000)
Sonia de Assis et al.
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (44), DOI: 10-DOI: 10 (2010-10-26)
Studies in rodent models of breast cancer show that exposures to dietary/hormonal factors during the in utero and pubertal periods, when the mammary gland undergoes extensive modeling and re-modeling, alter susceptibility to carcinogen-induced mammary tumors. Similar findings have been described

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