MilliporeSigma
All Photos(3)

Documents

F9252

Sigma-Aldrich

Folin & Ciocalteu′s phenol reagent

suitable for determination of total protein by Lowry method, 2 N

Sign Into View Organizational & Contract Pricing

MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.47

form

liquid

Quality Level

concentration

2 N

color

clear yellow

pH

<0.5 (20 °C)

density

1.240 g/cm3 at 20 °C

suitability

suitable for determination of total protein by Lowry method

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing
hematology
histology

storage temp.

room temp

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Compare Similar Items

View Full Comparison

Show Differences

1 of 4

This Item
TP0200M194227813
vibrant-m

M1942

Molybdenum Blue spray reagent

vibrant-m

27813

Coomassie protein assay reagent

concentration

2 N

concentration

-

concentration

-

concentration

-

color

clear yellow

color

-

color

-

color

-

pH

<0.5 (20 °C)

pH

-

pH

-

pH

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

2-8°C

General description

Folin & Ciocalteu′s phenol reagent is most commonly used in the Lowry method for determining protein concentration. It has also been used for the quantification of total phenolics. In this method, protein is pretreated with copper(II) in a modified biuret reagent (alkaline copper solution
stabilized with sodium potassium tartrate). Addition of the phenol reagent generates chromogens that give increasing absorbance between 550-750nm. Normally, absorbance at the peak (750nm) or shoulder (660nm) are used to quantitate protein concentrations between 1-100 mg/ml while absorbance at 550nm is used to quantitate higher protein concentrations.
In the absence of copper, color intensity is determined primarily by the tyrosine and tryptophan content of the protein, and to a lesser extent by cysteine and histidine. Copper(II) has no effect on color formation by tyrosine, tryptophan, or histidine, but reduces color formation due to cysteine.
Many modifications of the original assay procedure have been published, including methods for enhancing the color development, for determining the content of insoluble proteins, and for automating the procedure. Compounds including many buffers, chelating agents, detergents, and cyclic organic compounds can interfere with the Lowry protein assay.
Folin & Ciocalteu′s phenol reagent can also be used as a spray reagent in chromatographic procedures.

Application

Folin & Ciocalteu′s phenol reagent has been used for the estimation of total phenolic content in samples.

Other Notes

Folin & Ciocalteu′s phenol reagent does not contain phenol. Rather, the reagent will react with phenols and non-phenolic reducing substances to form chromogens that can be detected spectrophotometrically.

Linkage

This product is also available as part of a kit.

pictograms

Corrosion

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1

Storage Class

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Search for Certificates of Analysis (COA) by entering the products Lot/Batch Number. Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product’s label following the words ‘Lot’ or ‘Batch’.

Already Own This Product?

Documents related to the products that you have purchased in the past have been gathered in the Document Library for your convenience.

Visit the Document Library

Difficulty Finding Your Product Or Lot/Batch Number?

Product numbers are combined with Pack Sizes/Quantity when displayed on the website (example: T1503-25G). Please make sure you enter ONLY the product number in the Product Number field (example: T1503).

Example:

T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

Having trouble? Feel free to contact Technical Service for assistance.

Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as STBB0728K9, enter it as STBB0728 without the filling-code 'K9'.

Not Finding What You Are Looking For?

In some cases, a COA may not be available online. If your search was unable to find the COA you can request one.

Request COA

Han-Shin Kim et al.
Scientific reports, 6, 25318-25318 (2016-05-05)
Biofilm formation on biotic or abiotic surfaces has unwanted consequences in medical, clinical, and industrial settings. Treatments with antibiotics or biocides are often ineffective in eradicating biofilms. Promising alternatives to conventional agents are biofilm-inhibiting compounds regulating biofilm development without toxicity
H J Fryer et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 153(2), 262-266 (1986-03-01)
The method of protein determination reported by Lowry et al. (1951, J. Biol. Chem. 193, 265-275) has been adapted for use with 96-well microtiter plates and an automatic microplate spectrophotometer. The spectrophotometer has been interfaced with a computer which plots
Nutritional evaluation of some subtropical red and green seaweeds Part II. In vitro protein digestibility and amino acid profiles of protein concentrates.
Wong KH and Cheung PCK
Food Chemistry, 72, 11-17 (2001)
Lowry's method of protein estimation: some more insights.
S Sengupta et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 45(1), 80-80 (1993-01-01)
Picheswara Rao Polu et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 17(1), 457-457 (2017-09-13)
Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi or Amrita) is an important drug of Ayurvedic System of Medicine and found mention in various classical texts for the treatment of diseases such as jaundice, fever, diabetes, cancer and skin disease etc. In view of its

Protocols

To standardize a procedure for the determination of protein by modified Lowry.

Evaluating the effects of PCR inhibitors and PCR enzyme selection using plant genomic DNA, GenElute™-E Single Spin Plant Extraction Kit, KOD-One™ PCR Master Mix and competitor high fidelity PCR master mixes.

Proteinase K (EC 3.4.21.64) activity can be measured spectrophotometrically using hemoglobin as the substrate. Proteinase K hydrolyzes hemoglobin denatured with urea, and liberates Folin-postive amino acids and peptides. One unit will hydrolyze hemoglobin to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmol of tyrosine per minute at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin & Ciocalteu's Phenol Reagent).

Related Content

A wide variety of products for traditional protein quantitation techniques such as BCA and Bradford. Also, products for alternative assays such as Lowry, Micro Pyrogallol and FluoroProfile are also available for total protein determination.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service