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G6639

Sigma-Aldrich

Guanidine thiocyanate

≥97% (titration)

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Synonym(s):
Guanidinium rhodanide, Guanidinium thiocyanate
Linear Formula:
NH2C(=NH)NH2 · HSCN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
118.16
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3563461
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.55

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

assay

≥97% (titration)

form

powder or crystals

technique(s)

RNA extraction: suitable

color

white to off-white

mp

120-122 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 4 M, clear, colorless

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤2.5%

SMILES string

SC#N.NC(N)=N

InChI

1S/CH5N3.CHNS/c2-1(3)4;2-1-3/h(H5,2,3,4);3H

InChI key

ZJYYHGLJYGJLLN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Guanidine thiocyanate has been used:
  • as a denaturing agent to study its effects on surface activity of globular protein
  • for the extraction of total RNA from primary hepatocytes
  • as a component of the incubating buffer for extraction of DNA from human bone
  • as a component of the guanidine thiocyanate (GITC) lysis buffer for extraction of elephant shark DNA
  • as a component of lysis solution for extraction of RNA from rat pancreatic tissues
Chaotropic agent and strong denaturant; solubilizes cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Guanidine thiocyanate (GTC) is a powerful protein denaturant and can denature endogenous ribonucleases. It plays a role in separation of ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) from ribosomes. GTC in combination with phenol and chloroform can be used in isolation of total RNA from cells and tissues.

pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1C

supp_hazards

Storage Class

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves


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