I0800000

Isotretinoin

European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard

Synonym(s):
Isotretinoin, 13-cis-Retinoic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H28O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
300.44
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

biological source

synthetic

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

Agency/Method

EP

form

neat
solid

manufacturer/tradename

EDQM

application(s)

gas chromatography (GC): suitable
liquid chromatography (LC): suitable

mp

172-175 °C (lit.)

format

neat

SMILES string

[H]\C(C(O)=O)=C(C)\C=C\C=C(C)\C=C\C1=C(C)CCCC1(C)C

InChI

1S/C20H28O2/c1-15(8-6-9-16(2)14-19(21)22)11-12-18-17(3)10-7-13-20(18,4)5/h6,8-9,11-12,14H,7,10,13H2,1-5H3,(H,21,22)/b9-6+,12-11+,15-8+,16-14-

InChI key

SHGAZHPCJJPHSC-XFYACQKRSA-N

Gene Information

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General description

This product is provided as delivered and specified by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. All information provided in support of this product, including SDS and any product information leaflets have been developed and issued under the Authority of the Issuing Pharmacopoeia. For further information and support please go to the website of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.
Isotretinoin, a vital isomer of vitamin A, is implicated in the treatment of severe recalcitrant nodular acne disorder. It is the only drug known to operate against the major pathogenic factors of acne. It serves to diminish the sebaceous gland activity, thereby resulting in the correction of keratinization defect.

Application

Isotretinoin may be used as an analytical reference standard for the determination of the analyte in pharmaceutical formulations by various chromatography techniques.

Biochem/physiol Actions

13-cis-Retinoic acid (RA) has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor action. The action of RA is mediated through RAR-β and RAR-α receptors. RA attenuates iNOS expression and activity in cytokine-stimulated murine mesangial cells. It induces mitochondrial membrane permeability transition, observed as swelling and as a decrease in membrane potential, and stimulates the release of cytochrome c implicating mechanisms through the apoptosis pathway. These activities are reversed by EGTA and cyclosporin A. RA also increases MMP-1 protein expression partially via increased transcription.

Packaging

Unit quantity: 20 mg. Subject to change. The product is delivered as supplied by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. For the current unit quantity, please visit the EDQM reference substance catalogue.

Caution

Other Notes

Sales restrictions may apply.

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 1B - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

storage_class_code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Isotretinoin
European Pharmacopoeia Commission and European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & Healthcare
European pharmacopoeia, 3(5), 5705-5706 (2018)
Determination of isotretinoin in pharmaceutical formulations by reversed-phase HPLC
Guimar?es CA, et al.
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 3(5), 454-458 (2010)
Development of a gas chromatography method for the determination of isotretinoin and its degradation products in pharmaceuticals
Lima EM, et al.
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 38(4), 678-685 (2005)
Derrick J Stobaugh et al.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 69(3), 393-398 (2013-05-21)
Some studies have purported to link isotretinoin prescribed for acne with the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We sought to identify existence of disproportionate attorney-initiated reporting of isotretinoin-associated IBD in the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System...
M Tsukada et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 115(2), 321-327 (2000-08-22)
Despite its potent biologic effect on human sebocytes, 13-cis retinoic acid exhibits low binding affinity for cellular retinoic acid binding proteins and nuclear retinoid receptors. Hence, 13-cis retinoic acid may represent a pro-drug possibly acting through all-trans isomerization. In this...

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