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N7004

Sigma-Aldrich

β-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate

greener alternative

≥96.5% (HPLC), ≥96.5% (spectrophotometric assay), from yeast

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Synonym(s):
β-DPN, β-NAD, Coenzyme 1, Cozymase, DPN, Diphosphopyridine nucleotide, NAD, Nadide
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C21H27N7O14P2 · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
663.43 (anhydrous basis)
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39200202
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.55

biological source

yeast

Quality Level

Assay

≥96.5% (HPLC)
≥96.5% (spectrophotometric assay)

form

powder

greener alternative product score

old score: 56
new score: 20
Find out more about DOZN™ Scoring

greener alternative product characteristics

Waste Prevention
Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses
Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries
Design for Energy Efficiency
Use of Renewable Feedstocks
Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

color

white to off-white

greener alternative category

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2.O[C@@H]3[C@@H](COP(O)(OP(OC[C@@H](O4)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]4[N+]5=CC=CC(C(N)=O)=C5)([O-])=O)=O)OC[C@@H]3O

InChI

1S/C21H27N7O14P2/c22-17-12-19(25-7-24-17)28(8-26-12)21-16(32)14(30)11(41-21)6-39-44(36,37)42-43(34,35)38-5-10-13(29)15(31)20(40-10)27-3-1-2-9(4-27)18(23)33/h1-4,7-8,10-11,13-16,20-21,29-32H,5-6H2,(H5-,22,23,24,25,33,34,35,36,37)/t10-,11-,13-,14-,15-,16-,20-,21-/m1/s1

Inchi Key

BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N

Gene Information

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1 of 4

This Item
N7381N3014N1511
assay

≥96.5% (HPLC), ≥96.5% (spectrophotometric assay)

assay

-

assay

≥96.5% (HPLC), ≥96.5% (spectrophotometric assay)

assay

≥99%

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

crystalline powder

color

white to off-white

color

white to off-white

color

white to off-white

color

white to off-white

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

General description

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a vital coenzyme that transcends its traditional role as an "electron carrier," influencing diverse cellular processes. In cell biology, NAD operates as a crucial electron acceptor in the electron transport chain, driving the production of ATP, the cell′s primary energy source. This electron flow sustains basic cellular maintenance and complex signaling pathways. Beyond its energetic role, NAD serves as a dynamic signaling molecule, dictating cellular responses to various stimuli. Fluctuations in NAD concentration trigger events in DNA repair, gene expression, and cell death, allowing cells to adapt to stress and maintain homeostasis.

In biochemical research, NAD emerges as a vital cofactor for enzymes like sirtuins, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases, and cADP-ribose synthases. These enzymes rely on NAD+ for catalytic activity, influencing processes such as protein deacetylation, DNA repair, and cellular signaling. In metabolomics, NAD plays a key role in metabolic pathways, making it a significant focus for understanding cellular metabolism comprehensively. NAD participates in additional intricate cellular processes, serving as a substrate for ADP-ribosylation—a post-translational modification affecting protein function. It also acts as a precursor for cyclic ADP-ribose, a second messenger molecule involved in calcium mobilization and cell communication. Research on NAD holds promise across various areas, including aging, where its role is actively investigated. Studies also explore its implications in neurodegenerative disorders and metabolic imbalances.
We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one of the four categories of Greener Alternatives . This product belongs to category of Re-engineered products, showing key improvements in Green Chemistry Principles “Waste Prevention”, “Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses”, “Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries”, “Enhanced Energy Efficiency”, “Use of Renewable Feedstocks” and “Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention”. Click here to view its DOZN scorecard.

Application

β-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate has been used:
  • to prepare NAD+ standard solution for a study on NAD+ metabolomics
  • as a component of MurI assay reaction partial mixture for glutamate racemase reaction
  • as a component of a chromogenic staining solution to stain zebrafish embryos

Biochem/physiol Actions

Electron acceptor

Features and Benefits

Versatile and adaptable for a wide variety of laboratory and research applications.

Packaging

Packaged by solid weight.

Preparation Note

To prepare a solution gentle heating and sonication may be necessary.

Other Notes

This is the common form of NAD.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable


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