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β-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate

greener alternative

≥96.5% (HPLC), ≥96.5% (spectrophotometric assay), from yeast

Cozymase, β-NAD, β-DPN, DPN, Diphosphopyridine nucleotide, NAD, Coenzyme 1, Nadide
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C21H27N7O14P2 · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
663.43 (anhydrous basis)
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

biological source



≥96.5% (HPLC)
≥96.5% (spectrophotometric assay)



greener alternative product score

old score: 56
new score: 20
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greener alternative product characteristics

Waste Prevention
Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses
Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries
Design for Energy Efficiency
Use of Renewable Feedstocks
Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention
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storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

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General description

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate is a common form of NAD used as an electron acceptor.


β-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (β-NAD) is a cofactor of alcohol dehydrogenase and acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter in visceral smooth muscles. The NAD/NADH ratio has a role in the regulation of intracellular redox potential. It thereby influences metabolic reactions in vivo.


250 mg in poly bottle
1, 5, 10, 25 g in poly bottle
Packaged by solid weight.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Electron acceptor

Other Notes

This is the common form of NAD.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Ana P Gomes et al.
Cell, 155(7), 1624-1638 (2013-12-24)
Ever since eukaryotes subsumed the bacterial ancestor of mitochondria, the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes have had to closely coordinate their activities, as each encode different subunits of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system. Mitochondrial dysfunction is a hallmark of aging, but...
Jeerus Sucharitakul et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(49), 35210-35221 (2013-10-17)
3-Hydroxybenzoate 6-hydroxylase (3HB6H) from Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 is an NADH-specific flavoprotein monooxygenase that catalyzes the para-hydroxylation of 3-hydroxybenzoate (3HB) to form 2,5-dihydroxybenzoate (2,5-DHB). Based on results from stopped-flow spectrophotometry, the reduced enzyme-3HB complex reacts with oxygen to form a C4a-peroxy...
Christian Dölle et al.
The FEBS journal, 280(15), 3530-3541 (2013-04-27)
Mitochondrial metabolism is intimately connected to the universal coenzyme NAD. In addition to its role in redox reactions of energy transduction, NAD serves as substrate in regulatory reactions that lead to its degradation. Importantly, all types of the known NAD-consuming...
Brian J North et al.
The EMBO journal, 33(13), 1438-1453 (2014-05-16)
Mice overexpressing the mitotic checkpoint kinase gene BubR1 live longer, whereas mice hypomorphic for BubR1 (BubR1(H/H)) live shorter and show signs of accelerated aging. As wild-type mice age, BubR1 levels decline in many tissues, a process that is proposed to...
Anna Ferretta et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1842(7), 902-915 (2014-03-04)
Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress occur in Parkinson's disease (PD), but the molecular mechanisms controlling these events are not completely understood. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) is a transcriptional coactivator known as master regulator of mitochondrial functions and oxidative metabolism....


Enzymatic Assay of D-Alanine Racemase (EC

This procedure applies to all products that have a specification for the enzymatic assay of D Alanine Racemase.

Enzymatic Assay of 3α-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase with Androsterone (EC

Enzymatic Assay of 3α-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase with Androsterone (EC

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