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P7949

Sigma-Aldrich

TWEEN® 20

BioXtra, viscous liquid

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Synonym(s):
Polyethylene glycol sorbitan monolaurate, Polyoxyethylenesorbitan monolaurate
CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.21

biological source

plant

Quality Level

description

non-ionic

product line

BioXtra

form

viscous liquid

mol wt

~1228

composition

lauric acid, ≥40% (balance primarily myristic, palmoyic, and stearic acids)

technique(s)

blocking: suitable
cell culture | mammalian: suitable
hybridization: suitable
protein purification: suitable
transformation: suitable

impurities

≤0.05% Phosphorus (P)

ign. residue

≤0.2%

refractive index

n20/D 1.468 (lit.)

CMC

0.06 mM (20-25°C)

transition temp

cloud point 76 °C

density

1.095 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.05%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.05%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%
Ca: ≤0.0005%
Cu: ≤0.0005%
Fe: ≤0.0005%
K: ≤0.005%
Mg: ≤0.0005%
NH4+: ≤0.05%
Na: ≤0.05%
Pb: ≤0.001%
Zn: ≤0.0005%

HLB

16.7

InChI

1S/C26H50O10/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-24(30)34-19-18-31-20-22(32-15-12-27)26-25(35-17-14-29)23(21-36-26)33-16-13-28/h22-23,25-29H,2-21H2,1H3

InChI key

HMFKFHLTUCJZJO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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TWEEN® 20 BioXtra, viscous liquid

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TWEEN® 20 viscous liquid, suitable for cell culture

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TWEEN® 20 for molecular biology, viscous liquid

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P9416

TWEEN® 20

-
description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic

product line

BioXtra

product line

-

product line

-

product line

-

form

viscous liquid

form

viscous liquid

form

viscous liquid

form

viscous liquid

mol wt

~1228

mol wt

~1228

mol wt

~1228

mol wt

~1228

technique(s)

blocking: suitable, cell culture | mammalian: suitable, hybridization: suitable, protein purification: suitable, transformation: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

DNA extraction: suitable, RNA extraction: suitable, cell culture | mammalian: suitable, protein purification: suitable

technique(s)

-

General description

Tween®20 is a polyoxyethylene sorbitol ester that belongs to the polysorbate family. It is a nonionic detergent having a molecular weight of 1,225 daltons, assuming 20 ethylene oxide units, 1 sorbitol, and 1 lauric acid as the primary fatty acid. The ethylene oxide subunits are responsible for the hydrophilic nature of the surfactant, while the hydrocarbon chains provide the hydrophobic environment. Sorbitol forms the backbone ring to which the ethylene oxide polymers are attached.
Tween® 20 is a nonionic surfactant and detergent widely applied in biochemical and life science research. Its predominant use involves the solubilization of membrane proteins during the isolation of membrane-protein complexes. Moreover, it serves as a component in various washing, blocking, dilution, and stabilization buffers. Additionally, it functions as a reagent for immunohistochemistry, encompassing techniques like Western blotting and ELISAs. In these applications, Tween® 20 plays crucial roles such as preventing non-specific antibody binding, minimizing background staining, and ensuring the even distribution of reagents.

Surfactants, characterized by hydrophilic and hydrophobic elements, are broadly classified as either ionic (anionic, cationic, or ampholytic) or nonionic, depending on their ionization behavior in water. The specific product in question falls into the nonionic category and finds versatile applications, including emulsification, dispersion, solubilization, and as a detergent. Notably, it can also act as a solubilizer for membrane proteins.

Application

TWEEN 20 has been used in post-hybridization wash buffer after in situ hybridization. It has been used along with PBS (phosphate buffered saline) to wash wells during ELISA and along with PBS (phosphate buffered saline) in wash buffer for immunostaining.
TWEEN 20 is a nonionic detergent widely used in biochemical applications. It has been used as an emulsifying agent for the preparation of stable oil-in-water emulsions. TWEEN 20 has been used in pre-extraction of membranes to remove peripheral proteins (used at 2% for extraction of membrane-bound proteins).
TWEEN 20 has been used as a blocking agent for membrane based immunoassays at a typical concentration of 0.05%. TWEEN 20 can be used for lysing mammalian cells at a concentration of 0.005 to 0.5%.
Non-ionic detergent

Features and Benefits

  • Highly versatile surfactant for your Life Science and Biochemical research
  • BioXtra grade for your sensitive applications
  • Tested for trace levels of Anions and Cations
  • Excellent solubilizing, dispersing, and emulsifying agent
  • Suitable for mammalian cell culture, protein purification, and hybridization studies

Caution

TWEEN 20 may not be stable to autoclaving, particularly with metal cations in buffer solutions. Autoclaving is not recommended without testing for changes in properties. TWEEN 20 is heat sensitive and will darken when exposed to elevated temperatures. Polysorbates have been reported to be incompatible with alkalis, heavy metal salts, phenols, and tannic acid. They may also reduce the activity of many preservatives. Aqueous solutions of polysorbates undergo autoxidation during storage, with changes being catalyzed by light, increased temperature, and copper sulfate.

Preparation Note

TWEEN 20 is miscible in water (100mg/mL), yielding a clear, yellow solution. It is also miscible with alcohol, dioxane, and ethyl acetate. TWEEN 20 is insoluble in liquid paraffin and fixed oils.

Legal Information

TWEEN is a registered trademark of Croda International PLC

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

527.0 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

275 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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