S0650000

Simvastatin

European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C25H38O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
418.57
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

form

neat

manufacturer/tradename

EDQM

application(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

mp

127-132 °C (lit.)

Featured Industry

Pharmaceutical (small molecule)

format

neat

SMILES string

[H][C@]12[C@H](C[C@@H](C)C=C1C=C[C@H](C)[C@@H]2CC[C@@H]3C[C@@H](O)CC(=O)O3)OC(=O)C(C)(C)CC

InChI

1S/C25H38O5/c1-6-25(4,5)24(28)30-21-12-15(2)11-17-8-7-16(3)20(23(17)21)10-9-19-13-18(26)14-22(27)29-19/h7-8,11,15-16,18-21,23,26H,6,9-10,12-14H2,1-5H3/t15-,16-,18+,19+,20-,21-,23-/m0/s1

InChI key

RYMZZMVNJRMUDD-HGQWONQESA-N

Gene Information

human ... HMGCR(3156)

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General description

This product is provided as delivered and specified by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. All information provided in support of this product, including SDS and any product information leaflets have been developed and issued under the Authority of the Issuing Pharmacopoeia. For further information and support please go to the website of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Simvastatin is a specific inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate, an early step in cholesterol biosynthesis. It is used in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, as it reduces levels of low-density lipoproteins and triglycerides, and raises high-density lipoprotein levels. Simvastatin is a lactone that is readily hydrolyzed in vivo to the corresponding β-hydroxyacid, and can be activated prior to use with NaOH in EtOH treatment. It is a synthetic analog of lovastatin (Cat. No. M2147).

Packaging

Unit quantity: 200 mg. Subject to change. The product is delivered as supplied by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. For the current unit quantity, please visit the EDQM reference substance catalogue.

Caution

Other Notes

Sales restrictions may apply.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Repr. 2

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Kirill Tarasov et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 99(1), E45-E52 (2013-11-19)
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Traditional risk markers explain only a proportion of total cardiovascular risk. Thus, development and improvement of early diagnostic strategies and targeted initiation of preventive measures would...
Heiner K Berthold et al.
PloS one, 8(3), e60095-e60095 (2013-04-02)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a secreted inhibitor of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and an important regulator of LDL metabolism. Elevated PCSK9 levels have been associated with cardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to investigate...
L B Ramsey et al.
Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, 96(4), 423-428 (2014-06-12)
Simvastatin is among the most commonly used prescription medications for cholesterol reduction. A single coding single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs4149056T>C, in SLCO1B1 increases systemic exposure to simvastatin and the risk of muscle toxicity. We summarize evidence from the literature supporting this association...
Gerard J Criner et al.
The New England journal of medicine, 370(23), 2201-2210 (2014-05-20)
Retrospective studies have shown that statins decrease the rate and severity of exacerbations, the rate of hospitalization, and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We prospectively studied the efficacy of simvastatin in preventing exacerbations in a large, multicenter, randomized...
Daniel F McAuley et al.
The New England journal of medicine, 371(18), 1695-1703 (2014-10-01)
Studies in animals and in vitro and phase 2 studies in humans suggest that statins may be beneficial in the treatment of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This study tested the hypothesis that treatment with simvastatin would improve clinical...

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