S4972

Sigma-Aldrich

Styrene

ReagentPlus®, contains 4-tert-butylcatechol as stabilizer, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
Phenylethylene, Vinylbenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5CH=CH2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
104.15
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1071236
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

3.6 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

12.4 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)
4.3 mmHg ( 15 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

914 °F

contains

4-tert-butylcatechol as stabilizer

expl. lim.

6.1 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.546 (lit.)

bp

145-146 °C (lit.)

mp

−31 °C (lit.)

density

0.906 g/mL at 25 °C

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

C=Cc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C8H8/c1-2-8-6-4-3-5-7-8/h2-7H,1H2

InChI key

PPBRXRYQALVLMV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Removal of styrene from textile dyeing wastewater treatment plants (TDWTPs) has been investigated. Catalytic potential of the Co-SBA-15 for the oxidation of styrene with hydrogen peroxide has been investigated. Screening of asymmetric epoxidation of styrene by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with selected ion monitoring (SIM) has been reported. The homogeneous atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene by employing solubilizing 4,4′-dialkyl substituted 2,2′-bipyridines affords well-defined polymers. The Heck reaction of chlorobenzene and substituted chlorobenzenes with styrene in water using catalytic palladium on carbon affords 1,2-diphenylethane.

Application

Styrene was used in the preparation of well-defined homopolymers, diblock copolymers and triblock copolymers of tert-butyl acrylate, methyl acrylate and styrene.
Styrene has been used as a test styrene sample in a study involving the effect of reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) controllers on its RAFT polymerization in supercritical carbon dioxide in the presence of poly(styrene-block-dimethylsiloxane) (PSDMS) as a stabilizer.

Packaging

1, 4 L in glass bottle
5, 100, 500 mL in glass bottle
16.5 L in steel drum

Other Notes

Inhibitor depletes over time especially at higher temperatures

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

89.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

32.0 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Heterogeneous palladium-catalysed heck reaction of aryl chlorides and styrene in water under mild conditions.
Mukhopadhyay S, et al.
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, 344(3-4), 348-354 (2002)
Xun-An Ning et al.
Chemosphere, 136, 50-55 (2015-05-02)
The occurrence and removal of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes, styrene and isopropylbenzene (BTEXSI) from 6 textile dyeing wastewater treatment plants (TDWTPs) were investigated in this study. The practical capacities of the 6 representative plants, which used the activated sludge process...
The preparation of t-butyl acrylate, methyl acrylate, and styrene block copolymers by atom transfer radical polymerization: Precursors to amphiphilic and hydrophilic block copolymers and conversion to complex nanostructured materials.
Ma Q and Wooley KL.
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 38(S1), 4805-4820 (2000)
Xiaojing Jin et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(9), 7234-7241 (2015-05-01)
The rapid preparation of SBA-15 with cobalt (Co) introduction was performed via the ultrasonic irradiation in combination with "pH-adjusting" method. The catalytic properties of the synthesized Co-SBA-15 were investigated by examining the oxidation of styrene with hydrogen peroxide. The effect...
Yao Mu et al.
Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography, 32(12), 1385-1389 (2015-04-24)
A screening method by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with selected ion monitoring (SIM) has been developed for asymmetric epoxidation of styrene. All samples were analyzed by GC-MS with the mode of SIM by using ethylbenzene as the internal standard, by...
Articles
The Heck reaction is the palladium catalyzed cross-coupling reaction between alkenes and aryl or vinyl halides (or triflates) to afford substituted alkenes.
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