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X114

Sigma-Aldrich

Triton X-114

laboratory grade

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Synonym(s):
(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenyl-polyethylene glycol, Polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether
Linear Formula:
(C2H4O)n C14H22O, n = 7 or 8
CAS Number:
Beilstein:
2315025
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

laboratory grade

Quality Level

description

non-ionic

mol wt

average mol wt 537

composition

t-Oct-C6H4-(OCH2CH2)xOH, x = 7-8

refractive index

n20/D 1.488 (lit.)

CMC

0.2 mM (20-25°C)

transition temp

pour point ~−9 °C
cloud point 23 °C

density

1.058 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

HLB

12.4

SMILES string

CC(C)(C)CC(C)(C)c1ccc(OCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCO)cc1

InChI

1S/C28H50O8/c1-27(2,3)24-28(4,5)25-6-8-26(9-7-25)36-23-22-35-21-20-34-19-18-33-17-16-32-15-14-31-13-12-30-11-10-29/h6-9,29H,10-24H2,1-5H3

InChI key

HNLXNOZHXNSSPN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
X100X100PC648463
Triton™ X-114 laboratory grade

Sigma-Aldrich

X114

Triton X-114

Triton™ X-100 laboratory grade

Sigma-Aldrich

X100

Triton X-100

Triton™ X-100 peroxide- and carbonyl-free

Sigma-Aldrich

X100PC

Triton X-100

description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic

description

-

mol wt

average mol wt 537

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

CMC

0.2 mM (20-25°C)

CMC

0.2-0.9 mM (20-25°C)

CMC

0.2-0.9 mM (20-25°C)

CMC

0.2-0.9 mM (20-25°C)

transition temp

pour point ~−9 °C, cloud point 23 °C

transition temp

cloud point 65 °C, pour point ~7 °C

transition temp

cloud point 65 °C, pour point ~7 °C

transition temp

cloud point 65 °C, pour point ~7 °C

density

1.058 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

-

density

-

density

-

General description

Triton X-114 is a nonionic detergent. It is a good detergent for solubilizing membranes having reversible phase-separation property useful for the separation of intrinsic membrane proteins. Solution of Triton X-114 is homogeneous at 0°C but phase separation into aqueous phase and a detergent phase occurs above 20°C. Phase separation of proteins in solutions of Triton X-114 has been investigated. This octylphenol ethoxylate is compatible with anionic, cationic, and other nonionic surfactants and chemically stable in most acidic & alkaline solutions.

Application

Triton X-114 has been used:
  • To remove endotoxin from solutions of protein using phase separation technique
  • In the extraction and purification of DNA from endotoxin
  • In the biphasic extraction of lipoproteins from bacterial cell wall
  • As a non-ionic detergent with a low cloud point (23 °C) enabling protein solubilization with phase-partitioning of hydrophilic from amphiphilic proteins

Legal Information

Triton is a trademark of The Dow Chemical Company or an affiliated company of Dow

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

483.8 °F

Flash Point(C)

251 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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