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Y0000191

Human glucagon

European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard

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Synonym(s):
Glucagon
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C153H225N43O49S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
3482.75
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

API family

human glucagon

manufacturer/tradename

EDQM

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

format

neat

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI

1S/C153H225N43O49S/c1-72(2)52-97(133(226)176-96(47-51-246-11)132(225)184-104(60-115(159)209)143(236)196-123(78(10)203)151(244)245)179-137(230)103(58-83-64-167-89-29-19-18-28-87(83)89)183-131(224)95(43-46-114(158)208)177-148(241)120(74(5)6)194-141(234)101(54-79-24-14-12-15-25-79)182-138(231)105(61-117(211)212)185-130(223)94(42-45-113(157)207)171-124(217)75(7)170-127(220)91(31-22-49-165-152(160)161)172-128(221)92(32-23-50-166-153(162)163)174-146(239)110(69-199)191-140(233)107(63-119(215)216)186-134(227)98(53-73(3)4)178-135(228)99(56-81-33-37-85(204)38-34-81)180-129(222)90(30-20-21-48-154)173-145(238)109(68-198)190-136(229)100(57-82-35-39-86(205)40-36-82)181-139(232)106(62-118(213)214)187-147(240)111(70-200)192-150(243)122(77(9)202)195-142(235)102(55-80-26-16-13-17-27-80)188-149(242)121(76(8)201)193-116(210)66-168-126(219)93(41-44-112(156)206)175-144(237)108(67-197)189-125(218)88(155)59-84-65-164-71-169-84/h12-19,24-29,33-40,64-65,71-78,88,90-111,120-123,167,197-205H,20-23,30-32,41-63,66-70,154-155H2,1-11H3,(H2,156,206)(H2,157,207)(H2,158,208)(H2,159,209)(H,164,169)(H,168,219)(H,170,220)(H,171,217)(H,172,221)(H,173,238)(H,174,239)(H,175,237)(H,176,226)(H,177,241)(H,178,228)(H,179,230)(H,180,222)(H,181,232)(H,182,231)(H,183,224)(H,184,225)(H,185,223)(H,186,227)(H,187,240)(H,188,242)(H,189,218)(H,190,229)(H,191,233)(H,192,243)(H,193,210)(H,194,234)(H,195,235)(H,196,236)(H,211,212)(H,213,214)(H,215,216)(H,244,245)(H4,160,161,165)(H4,162,163,166)/t75-,76+,77+,78+,88-,90-,91-,92-,93-,94-,95-,96-,97-,98-,99-,100-,101-,102-,103-,104-,105-,106-,107-,108-,109-,110-,111-,120-,121-,122-,123-/m0/s1

InChI key

MASNOZXLGMXCHN-ZLPAWPGGSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GCGR(2642)

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This Item
1294036I0310000O0700000
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Y0000191

Human glucagon

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Oxytocin European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard

O0700000

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grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

format

neat

format

neat

format

neat

format

neat

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

API family

human glucagon

API family

-

API family

insulin

API family

oxytocin

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

-

Amino Acid Sequence

His-Ser-Gln-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Tyr-Ser-Lys-Tyr-Leu-Asp-Ser-Arg-Arg-Ala-Gln-Asp-Phe-Val-Gln-Trp-Leu-Met-Asn-Thr

General description

This product is provided as delivered and specified by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. All information provided in support of this product, including SDS and any product information leaflets have been developed and issued under the Authority of the Issuing Pharmacopoeia. For further information and support please go to the website of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.

Application

Human glucagon EP Reference standard, intended for use in laboratory tests only as specifically prescribed in the European Pharmacopoeia.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glucagon is a 29-amino acid peptide hormone secreted by pancreatic α-cells that raises blood glucose and (indirectly) insulin levels. Glucagon acts via a G protein-coupled receptor, which results in the release of glucose 1-phosphate from glycogen.

Packaging

The product is delivered as supplied by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. For the current unit quantity, please visit the EDQM reference substance catalogue.

Other Notes

Highly-conserved 29-amino acid polypeptide hormone produced by the pancreatic cells.
Sales restrictions may apply.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Has pancreatic damage from glucagon suppressing diabetes drugs been underplayed?
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BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 346, f3680-f3680 (2013-06-12)
Glucagon's yin and yang effects on hepatic glucose production.
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Cardiovascular benefits of incretins.
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L A Kuznetsova et al.
Zhurnal evoliutsionnoi biokhimii i fiziologii, 49(2), 111-117 (2013-06-26)
In smooth muscles of mollusc Anodonta cygnea, hormones produce regulatory effects on the adenylyl cyclase (AC) signaling system via receptors of the serpentine (biogenic amine, isoproterenol, glucagon) and of tyrosine kinase (insulin) types. Intracellular mechanisms of their action are interconnected.
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Przeglad lekarski, 70(1), 25-27 (2013-06-26)
Type LADA diabetes is a form of autoimmune-mediated diabetes in adults. The progression of beta-cell failure is slower than in childhood type 1 diabetes. Patients with LADA present with more preserved beta cell function than those with classic type l

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