Nicotine for system suitability

European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard

(−)-Nicotine hydrogen tartrate salt, (−)-1-Methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine (+)-bitartrate salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C10H14N2 · 2C4H6O6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:


pharmaceutical primary standard





Featured Industry

Pharmaceutical (small molecule)



storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

This product is provided as delivered and specified by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. All information provided in support of this product, including SDS and any product information leaflets have been developed and issued under the Authority of the Issuing Pharmacopoeia. For further information and support please go to the website of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Prototype nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist; naturally occurring isomer.


Unit quantity: 1 mg. Subject to change. The product is delivered as supplied by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. For the current unit quantity, please visit the EDQM reference subtance catalogue.


Other Notes

Sales restrictions may apply.


Skull and crossbonesEnvironment

Signal Word


Hazard Statements


UN 1659 6.1 / PGII

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
June Bryan de la Peña et al.
Behavioural brain research, 272, 156-164 (2014-07-06)
Nicotine/cigarette addiction starts young. Indeed, most smokers started when they were adolescents. Adolescence has been implicated to be a critical period for nicotine/cigarette addiction, thus it is important to understand the consequences of such early exposure. In the present study...
Matthew L Banks
Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology, 22(3), 266-273 (2014-02-20)
Preclinical drug discrimination procedures have been useful in understanding the pharmacological mechanisms of the subjective-like effects of abused drugs. Converging lines of evidence from neurochemical and behavioral studies implicate a potential role of nicotinic acetylcholine (nACh) receptors in the abuse-related...
Yuan-yuan Zhang et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 35(9), 1137-1149 (2014-08-05)
The non-neuronal acetylcholine system (NNAS) in endothelial cells participates in modulating endothelial function, vascular tone, angiogenesis and inflammation, thus plays a critical role in cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we used a proteomic approach to study potential downstream receptor-effectors of...
Raphaël Eddine et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 8184-8184 (2015-02-03)
Midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons are key players in motivation and reward processing. Increased DA release is thought to be central in the initiation of drug addiction. Whereas dopamine neurons are generally considered to be activated by drugs such as nicotine...
P P Muldoon et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 172(3), 869-882 (2014-09-27)
Abrupt discontinuation of nicotine, the main psychoactive component in tobacco, induces a withdrawal syndrome in nicotine-dependent animals, consisting of somatic and affective signs, avoidance of which contributes to drug maintenance. While blockade of fatty acid amide hydrolase, the primary catabolic...

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