139386

Sigma-Aldrich

Hexane

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
n-Hexane
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)4CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
86.18
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1730733
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.06

Quality Level

vapor density

~3 (vs air)

vapor pressure

256 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)
5.2 psi ( 37.7 °C)
~132 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

453 °F

expl. lim.

7.7 %

application(s)

GC/MS: suitable

refractive index

n20/D 1.375 (lit.)

pH

7

bp

69 °C (lit.)

mp

−95 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: insoluble

density

0.659 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CCCCCC

InChI

1S/C6H14/c1-3-5-6-4-2/h3-6H2,1-2H3

InChI key

VLKZOEOYAKHREP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Hexane is an alkane and exists in 5 structural isomeric forms, i.e. hexane, isohexane, 3-methylpentane, neohexane and 2,3-dimethylbutane. It can be obtained from petroleum by distillation. It can also be produced by electrolyzing the potassium butyrate solution. It is widely employed organic solvent for the dissolution and isolation of fats and oils.

Application

Hexane may be used in the following studies:
  • Preparation of graft-copolymer chains of poly-(dimethylsiloxane)-g-poly(methyl methacrylate).
  • GC/MS (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry) characterization of essential oils isolated from various origins.
  • As solvent for the preparation of samples and standards during chromatographic studies.

Hexane may be used as a solvent in the detection of rubrene, using normal phase high performance liquid chromatography. It may also be used as an extraction solvent to concentrate the analytes like synthetic cannabinoids of the aminoalkylindole type and methanandamide in serum, followed by separation using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem-mass spectrometry.

Packaging

100, 500, 6×500 mL in glass bottle

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Aquatic Chronic 2 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 2 Inhalation - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system, Nervous system

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

-7.6 °F

Flash Point(C)

-22 °C

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Development and validation of a liquid chromatography?tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantitation of synthetic cannabinoids of the aminoalkylindole type and methanandamide in serum and its application to forensic samples
Dresen S, et al.
Journal of Mass Spectrometry : Jms, 46(2), 163-171 (2011)
Occurrence, mechanisms and analytical applications of electrogenerated chemiluminescence. A review
Knight.WA and Greenway.MG et al.
Analyst, 119(5), 879- 890 (1994)
G Di Nicola et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1190(1-2), 120-126 (2008-03-18)
Biodiesel (a mixture of fatty acid esters) is normally analyzed using gas chromatography/flame ionization detection, as specified by the ASTM D6584 and EN14105 standards. This paper proposes a binary gradient method for analyzing biodiesel mixtures using non-aqueous reverse phase HPLC...
Comparative evaluation of 11 essential oils of different origin as functional antioxidants, antiradicals and antimicrobials in foods.
Sacchetti G, et al.
Food Chemistry, 91(4), 621-632 (2005)
Ali Mohraz et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 21(12), 5298-5306 (2005-06-01)
The development of model materials and image processing methods to directly visualize and quantify colloidal rod assembly by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) is reported. Monodisperse fluorescent colloidal rods are prepared by the uniaxial extensional deformation of sterically...

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