207772

Sigma-Aldrich

Iodine

ACS reagent, ≥99.8%, solid

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
I2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
253.81
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3587194
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
38050601
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

9 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.31 mmHg ( 25 °C)
1 mmHg ( 38.7 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

form

solid

resistivity

1.3E15 μΩ-cm

impurities

≤0.01% nonvolatiles

bp

184 °C (lit.)

mp

113 °C (lit.)

anion traces

Cl- and Br-: ≤0.005%

SMILES string

II

InChI

1S/I2/c1-2

InChI key

PNDPGZBMCMUPRI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Related Categories

General description

Iodine exhibits exceptionally high dielectric polarization in various solvents (dioxane, isobutylene, p-xylene and benzene).

Application

Iodine has been used for the easy visualization of 9-bromononanoic acid, allyl ester by thin layer chromatography (TLC). It has also been used for the preparation of oxidation solution, required for the synthesis of oligodeoxynucleotides bearing 3′-terminal phosphorothioate.
Catalyst for synthesis of esters by condensation of carboxylic acids with alcohols or transfesterification.

A mild and efficient method for esterification and transesterification catalyzed by iodine
Iodine may be used to catalyze:
  • Synthesis of 5-(4-nitrophenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin.
  • Oxidative C-H bond amination of saturated hydrocarbons.
  • Protection of amines with benzyloxycarbonyl (Cbz) group.
  • Direct oxidative coupling/annulation of β-keto esters or 2-pyridinyl-β-esters with alkenes to form dihydrofurans and indolizine, respectively.
  • Thiocyanation of aromatic systems to form aryl thiocyanates.
  • Esterification of cellulose with acetic anhydride to form cellulose triacetate.

Packaging

5, 100, 4×100, 500 g in glass bottle
1, 2.5 kg in glass bottle
12 kg in steel drum

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Respiratory system, Thyroid

RIDADR

UN3495 - class 8 - PG 3 - Iodine

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Iodine-Catalyzed Radical Oxidative Annulation for the Construction of Dihydrofurans and Indolizines.
Tang S, et al.
Organic Letters, 17(10), 2404-2407 (2015)
Julien A Boos et al.
Nucleic acids research, 41(15), e145-e145 (2013-06-15)
Efficient tissue-specific delivery is a crucial factor in the successful development of therapeutic oligonucleotides. Screening for novel delivery methods with unique tissue-homing properties requires a rapid, sensitive, flexible and unbiased technique able to visualize the in vivo biodistribution of these...
Iodine-catalyzed one-pot synthesis of unsymmetrical meso-substituted porphyrins.
Boens B, et al.
Tetrahedron, 66(11), 1994-1996 (2010)
Iodine catalyzed esterification of cellulose using reduced levels of solvent.
Biswas A, et al.
Carbohydrate Polymers, 68(3), 555-560 (2007)
An Iodine-Catalyzed Hofmann-Loffler Reaction.
Martinez C and Mu?iz K.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 54(28), 8287-8291 (2015)

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.