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208256

Sigma-Aldrich

Tin(II) chloride

reagent grade, 98%

Synonym(s):
Stannous chloride
Linear Formula:
SnCl2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
189.62
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

reagent grade

vapor pressure

33 hPa (~429 °C)

assay

98%

form

crystalline
powder or flakes

pH

2.18 (20 °C)

bp

652 °C (lit.)

mp

246 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Cl[SnH2]Cl

InChI

1S/2ClH.Sn/h2*1H;/q;;+2/p-2

InChI key

AXZWODMDQAVCJE-UHFFFAOYSA-L

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General description

SnCl2 dihydrate reacts with acetic anhydride to yield anhydrous SnCl2. SnCl2 exhibits reducing properties in acidic media. SnCl2 shows superior catalytic action in its molten state. It is a promising raw material for the chemical vapour deposition (CVD) of semiconducting layers. SnCl2 participates in the reduction of aromatic nitro compounds, nitriles, cyanosilyl ethers and organic azides.

Application

Tin(II) chloride may be used:
  • To catalyze the addition of diazo sulfones, diazo phosphine oxides and diazo phosphonates to aldehydes to form β-keto sulfones, β-keto phosphine oxides and β-keto phosphonates, respectively.
  • Along with trityl chloride, to catalyze the aldol reaction of silyl enol ethers with acetals or aldehydes and the Michael reaction of silyl enol ethers with α,β-unsaturated ketones.
  • As a promoter in the allylic amination of allylic alcohols with amines in the presence of palladium catalyst.
Tin(II) chloride (SnCl2) has been used as a starting material to evaluate the thermal behavior of SnCl2 on heating at the rate of 5°Cmin-1 in air. The product undergoes phase transformation on heating at rate of 5°C min-1 in air, it involves an incomplete evaporation followed by oxidation forming SnO2 nanoparticles. SnCl2 has also been used for the fabrication of Sn-containing carbon nano-structures.

Packaging

2 kg in poly bottle
100, 500 g in poly bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B - Skin Sens. 1 - STOT RE 2 Oral - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Cardio-vascular system, Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

An efficient and extremely mild catalyst system, combined use of trityl chloride and tin (II) chloride, in the aldol and Michael reactions.
Mukaiyama T, et al.
Chemistry Letters (Jpn), 16(3), 491-494 (1987)
Palladium-catalyzed allylic amination of allylic alcohols with tin (II) chloride and triethylamine.
Masuyama Y, et al.
Chemistry Letters (Jpn), 24(12), 1121-1122 (1995)
Tin (II) Chloride.
Faul MM and Thiel OR.
e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. (1995)
A possible scalable method for the synthesis of Sn-containing carbon nanostructures.
Kamali AR and Fray DJ.
Materials Today, e38-e48 (2015)
Transformation of molten SnCl2 to SnO2 nano-single crystals.
Kamali AR, et al.
Ceramics International, 40(6), 8533-8538 (2014)

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