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221945

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium iodide

ACS reagent, ≥99.0%

Linear Formula:
KI
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
166.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 745 °C)

assay

≥99.0%

form

crystals

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds
≤0.005% insolubles

loss

≤0.2% loss on drying

pH

6.0-9.2 (25 °C, 5%)

mp

681 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride, bromide (as Cl)-: ≤0.01%
iodate (IO3-): ≤3 ppm
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.005%

cation traces

Ba: ≤0.002%
Ca: ≤0.002%
Fe: ≤3 ppm
Mg: ≤0.001%
Na: ≤0.005%
heavy metals (as Pb): ≤5 ppm

SMILES string

[K+].[I-]

InChI

1S/HI.K/h1H;/q;+1/p-1

Inchi Key

NLKNQRATVPKPDG-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Potassium iodide is a water soluble inorganic salt that can be prepared by reacting hydrogen iodide and potassium bicarbonate.

Application

Potassium iodide may be used as a catalyst in the following processes: Conversion of aromatic primary amines to the corresponding nitro compounds in the presence of tert-butyl hydroperoxide as oxidant. Conversion of aryl halide to aryl iodides in the presence of nickel catalysts. Preparation of sulfonated oxindoles from activated alkenes and sulfonylhydrazides in water and in the presence of 8-crown-6 and tert-butyl hydroperoxide.

Packaging

5, 100, 500 g in poly bottle
12 kg in poly drum
50 kg in fiber drum
2.5 kg in poly bottle

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

STOT RE 1 Oral

Target Organs

Thyroid

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Selective Oxidation of Aromatic Amines to Nitro Derivatives using Potassium Iodide-tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide Catalytic System
Reddy KR, et al
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, 351(1-2), 93-96 (2009)
Synthesis of Aryl Iodides from Aryl Halides and Potassium Iodide by Means of Nickel Catalyst
Takagi K, et al
Chemistry Letters (Jpn), 7(2), 191-192 (1978)
Synthesis of sulfonated oxindoles by potassium iodide catalyzed arylsulfonylation of activated alkenes with sulfonylhydrazides in water.
<BIG>Li X, et al. </BIG>
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 78(14), 7343-7348 (2013)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 889-889 (1994)
H B Li et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 918(2), 335-339 (2001-06-16)
A novel method for the determination of iodide by size exclusion chromatography was established. The method was simple and highly sensitive with good precision. Iodide was converted to iodine, then sequestered with starch, and separated from the matrix using a...

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