223468

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium permanganate

ACS reagent, ≥99.0%

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
KMnO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
158.03
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

assay

≥99.0%

form

crystals, granules or powder

reaction suitability

reagent type: oxidant

impurities

≤0.005% N compounds
≤0.2% insolubles

pH

7.2-9.7 (20 °C, 20 g/L)

anion traces

chloride, chlorate (as Cl-): ≤0.005%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.02%

SMILES string

[K+].[O-][Mn](=O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/K.Mn.4O/q+1;;;;;-1

InChI key

VZJVWSHVAAUDKD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Potassium permanganate, a dark violet colored crystalline solid, is a strong oxidizing agent for a wide range of organic compounds. It is commonly used as a disinfectant to treat external infections in aquaculture. Corncobs pretreated with alkaline potassium permanganate solution showed high carbohydrate recovery due to the increased enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose. The acidic potassium permanganate acts a chemiluminescence reagent for the determination of organic compounds.
Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) exhibits strong oxidizing properties. KMnO4 on dissolution in benzene and on complexation with dicyclohexyl-18-crown-6, affords a useful oxidizing reagent. This reagent participates as an oxidant for the oxidation of olefins, alcohols, aldehydes and alkyl benzenes under mild conditions.

Application

Layered MnO2 with very promising characteristics for battery applications is produced by thermal decomposition of KMnO4.
Potassium permanganate may be used as an oxidant for the conversion of aromatic aldehydes to corresponding amides in liquid ammonia.
Potassium permanganate may be employed as an oxidizing agent in the synthesis of the following:
  • sulfonal (2,2-bisethylsulfonyyl)propane
  • cinchomeronic acid (pyridine-3,4-dicarboxylic acid)
  • isonicotinic acid (pyridine-4-carboxylic acid)
  • manganese(IV) sulfate
Suitable for heterogeneous oxidations.

Packaging

25, 500 g in poly bottle
2.5 kg in poly bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Brain

RIDADR

UN 1490 5.1 / PGII

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Potassium permanganate oxidation of organic compounds.
Shaabani A, et al.
Synthetic Communications, 35(4), 571-580 (2005)
Direct conversion of aromatic aldehydes into benzamides via oxidation with potassium permanganate in liquid ammonia.
Antoniak D, et al.
Synlett, 26(01), 84-86 (2015)
Potassium Permanganate
Lee DG, et al.
e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. (2007)
Kim, S.H. et al.
Chemistry of Materials, 11, 557-557 (1999)
Advances in the use of acidic potassium permanganate as a chemiluminescence reagent: a review.
Adcock JL, et al.
Analytica Chimica Acta, 807, 9-28 null

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