237051

Sigma-Aldrich

Aluminum chloride

ReagentPlus®, 99%

Linear Formula:
AlCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
133.34
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
38120507
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 100 °C)

Quality Level

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

99%

form

powder

reaction suitability

reagent type: catalyst
core: aluminum

pH

2.4 (20 °C, 100 g/L)

mp

190 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Cl[Al](Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/Al.3ClH/h;3*1H/q+3;;;/p-3

InChI key

VSCWAEJMTAWNJL-UHFFFAOYSA-K

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General description

Aluminum chloride is an alcohol-soluble lewis acid.† Aluminum chloride mixed with sodium borohydride, in diglyme in a molar ratio affords a mixture having strong reducing properties.† It was reported to promote the Friedel-Crafts acylation reaction between 4-tert-butylbenzoyl chloride and mesitylene.†

Application

Aluminum chloride was used for the following studies:
  • Polymerization of benzene to afford p-polyphenyl.
  • As a catalyst for the Friedel-Crafts acylation of buckymetallocenes with the acid chlorides.
  • As a catalyst for the colorimetric microassay for the determination of lipid hydroperoxides.

Packaging

5, 100, 500 g in glass bottle

Features and Benefits

The vapor-phase co-reductions with other metal halides by hydrogen results in finely divided intermetallics with applications as structural materials or compounds with useful thermoelectric, magnetic, and oxidation-resistance properties. Aluminum nitride can be synthesized from the elemnts with AlCl3 added to help facilitate crystallization.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

Supp Hazards

EUH014

storage_class_code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

p-Polyphenyl from Benzene-Lewis Acid Catalyst-Oxidant. Reaction Scope and Investigation of the Benzene-Aluminum Chloride-Cupric Chloride System1.
Kovacic P and Oziomek J.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 29(1), 100-104 (1964)
Shutao Wang et al.
Advanced science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany), 5(4), 1700712-1700712 (2018-05-04)
In the search for low-cost and large-scale stationary storage of electricity, nonaqueous aluminum chloride-graphite batteries (AlCl3-GBs) have received much attention due to the high natural abundances of their primary constituents, facile manufacturing, and high energy densities. Much research has focused...
Yutaka Matsuo et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 43(20), 7407-7412 (2013-10-26)
Acylated buckyferrocene and ruthenocene, Fe(η(5)-C60Me5)(η(5)-C5H4COR) (R = Me, Ph, and CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CHPh) and Ru(η(5)-C60Me5)(η(5)-C5H4COR) (R = Me and Ph), were obtained by Friedel-Crafts acylation of the parent buckymetallocenes with the corresponding acid chlorides and aluminum chloride in...
Rajkumar Kore et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 47(23), 7795-7803 (2018-06-01)
Two solids of differing Lewis acidities, triethylammonium tetrachlorozincate ([HN222]2[ZnCl4]) and AlCl3, have been combined across 0.1 to 0.9 mole fractions (with respect to [HN222]2[ZnCl4]), and homogeneous solid double salts or mixed metal [HN222]2x[(1 - x)AlCl3 + xZnCl4] double salt ionic...
Detection of Alternative Oxidase Expression in Arabidopsis thaliana Protoplasts Treated with Aluminium.
Liu J, et al.
Bio-protocol, 5(13) (2015)

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