319953

Sigma-Aldrich

Benzene

ACS reagent, ≥99.0%

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
969212
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

2.77 (vs air)

vapor pressure

166 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)
74.6 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.0%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

1043 °F

expl. lim.

8 %

impurities

H2SO4, passes test (darkened)
thiophene, passes test (limit ∼1ppm)
≤0.005% S compounds
≤0.05% water (Karl Fischer)

evapn. residue

≤0.001%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.501 (lit.)

bp

80 °C (lit.)

mp

5.5 °C (lit.)

density

0.874 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

c1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6/c1-2-4-6-5-3-1/h1-6H

InChI key

UHOVQNZJYSORNB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Related Categories

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Carc. 1A - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Muta. 1B - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1

Target Organs

Blood

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

12.2 °F

Flash Point(C)

-11 °C

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Cliona M McHale et al.
Carcinogenesis, 33(2), 240-252 (2011-12-15)
Benzene causes acute myeloid leukemia and probably other hematological malignancies. As benzene also causes hematotoxicity even in workers exposed to levels below the US permissible occupational exposure limit of 1 part per million, further assessment of the health risks associated...
Paula Mayorga Burrezo et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137(11), 3834-3843 (2015-03-03)
We have used Raman spectroscopy to study the molecular and electronic structures of the radical cations and dications of carbon-bridged oligo(para-phenylenevinylene)s (COPVn, n = 1-6) possessing consecutive fused pentagons and hexagons, up to 19, along with COPV derivatives having electron-donating...
Deborah C Glass et al.
Occupational and environmental medicine, 71(4), 266-274 (2014-02-18)
Benzene exposure has been associated with increased risk of leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Existing studies are sparse for other lymphohaematopoietic cancer subtypes, such as myeloproliferative disease (MPD) and the related chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). We pooled data from three petroleum...
David Galbraith et al.
Critical reviews in toxicology, 40 Suppl 2, 1-46 (2010-10-14)
Over the last century, benzene has been a well-studied chemical, with some acute and chronic exposures being directly associated with observed hematologic effects in humans and animals. Chronic heavy exposures to benzene have also been associated with acute myelogenous leukemia...
Audrey Smargiassi et al.
Environmental research, 132, 38-45 (2014-04-20)
The acute cardiorespiratory effects of air quality among children living in areas with considerable heavy industry have not been well investigated. We conducted a panel study of children with asthma living in proximity to an industrial complex housing two refineries...

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