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32249

Sigma-Aldrich

Toluene

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.7% (GC)

Linear Formula:
C6H5CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.14
Beilstein:
635760
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39011102
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

USP/NF
reag. ISO
reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

3.2 (vs air)

vapor pressure

22 mmHg ( 20 °C)
26 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

≥99.7% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

997 °F

expl. lim.

7 %

technique(s)

microbiological culture: suitable

impurities

≤0.0001% thiophene
≤0.001% free acid (as HCl)
≤0.001% free alkali (as NaOH)
≤0.001% non-volatile matter
≤0.003% S-compounds (as S)
≤0.02% water (Karl Fischer)

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n/D 1.496 (lit.)
n20/D 1.496-1.498

bp

110-111 °C (lit.)

mp

-93 °C (lit.)

density

0.865 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 ppm
Ba: ≤0.1 ppm
Bi: ≤0.1 ppm
Ca: ≤0.5 ppm
Cd: ≤0.05 ppm
Co: ≤0.02 ppm
Cr: ≤0.02 ppm
Cu: ≤0.02 ppm
Fe: ≤0.1 ppm
K: ≤0.5 ppm
Li: ≤0.1 ppm
Mg: ≤0.1 ppm
Mn: ≤0.02 ppm
Mo: ≤0.1 ppm
Na: ≤0.5 ppm
Ni: ≤0.02 ppm
Pb: ≤0.1 ppm
Sr: ≤0.1 ppm
Zn: ≤0.1 ppm

SMILES string

Cc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C7H8/c1-7-5-3-2-4-6-7/h2-6H,1H3

InChI key

YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Toluene, a benzene analog, is widely employed as an organic solvent. It has been reported to be a biotoxic solvent (toxic to many microorganisms at 0.1% v/v concentrations). Its anaerobic biodegradation to CO2, by the denitrifying bacterium Thauera arornatica has been reported. It forms syndiotactic polystyrene-toluene molecular compound. Crystal structure of this molecular compound has been investigated by X-ray diffraction studies.

Application

Toluene may be used for decontamination of microbial cultures and lyse bacterial cells in bacterial enzyme assays. It may be used as a solvent for the preparation of 4-arm polylactide-based (PLA) star oligomer. It was used for the activation of glass slides, for in vitro test system for allergy diagnosis.

Other Notes

The article number 32249-4X2.5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32249-2.5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32249-4X2.5L-M will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32249-2.5L-M which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32249-6X1L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32249-1L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32249-6X1L-M will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32249-1L-M which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
Pertains only in Germany: unversteuert

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

39.2 °F

Flash Point(C)

4.0 °C

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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