All Photos(1)

33065

Sigma-Aldrich

1-Butanol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.5% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Butyl alcohol, n-Butanol
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.12
Beilstein:
969148
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Agency/Method

USP/NF
reag. ISO
reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

5.5 mmHg

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

649 °F

expl. lim.

11.2 %

impurities

≤0.001% non-volatile matter
≤0.005% free acid (as C3H7COOH)
≤0.01% n-butylaldehyde
≤0.03% aldehydes, ketones (as C3H7CHO)
≤0.05% 2-butanol
≤0.1% di-n-butylether
≤0.1% water (Karl Fischer)
≤0.15% iso-butanol

refractive index

n20/D 1.399 (lit.)

pH

7 (20 °C, 70 g/L)

bp

116-118 °C (lit.)

mp

−90 °C (lit.)

density

0.81 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
B: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sn: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CCCCO

InChI

1S/C4H10O/c1-2-3-4-5/h5H,2-4H2,1H3

InChI key

LRHPLDYGYMQRHN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

1-Butanol is a linear alcohol. Its biosynthesis from glucose using a bioengineered Escherichia coli strain has been reported. Its reaction with diisocyanates in the presence of triethylamine (catalyst) has been investigated by volumetric method. Its dehydration reaction has been employed as a standard reaction to evaluate the acidic and basic characteristics of various silica-aluminas.

Application

1-Butanol may be used for the solid acid (acidic salt of H3PW12O40, Cs2.5H0.5PW12O40) catalyzed esterification of acrylic acid.

Other Notes

The article number 33065-4X2.5L-R will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 33065-2.5L-R which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 33065-6X1L-R will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 33065-1L-R which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

95.0 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

35 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Acid-base properties of silica-aluminas: use of 1-butanol dehydration as a test reaction.
Berteau P, et al.
Applied Catalysis, 70(1), 307-323 (1991)
The kinetics of the triethylamine-catalyzed reaction of diisocyanates with 1-butanol in toluene.
Burkus J and Eckert CF.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 80(22), 5948-5950 (1958)
Liquid phase esterification of acrylic acid with 1-butanol catalyzed by solid acid catalysts.
Chen X, et al.
Applied Catalysis A: General, 180(!), 261-269 (1999)
C R Shen et al.
Metabolic engineering, 10(6), 312-320 (2008-09-09)
Production of higher alcohols via the keto-acid intermediates found in microorganism's native amino-acid pathways has recently shown promising results. In this work, an Escherichia coli strain that produces 1-butanol and 1-propanol from glucose was constructed. The strain first converts glucose
Joel G Davis et al.
Nature, 491(7425), 582-585 (2012-11-23)
Hydrophobic hydration is considered to have a key role in biological processes ranging from membrane formation to protein folding and ligand binding. Historically, hydrophobic hydration shells were thought to resemble solid clathrate hydrates, with solutes surrounded by polyhedral cages composed

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service