greener alternative

suitable for HPLC, ≥99%

Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

vapor density

3.5 (vs air)

vapor pressure

40 mmHg ( 20 °C)
83 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)





autoignition temp.

433 °F

purified by

filtration through 0.2μm

expl. lim.

7 %

greener alternative product characteristics

Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.


HPLC: suitable


≤0.001% free acid (as CH3COOH)
≤0.01% water (Karl Fischer)
≤1 ppb fluorescence (quinine) at 254 nm
≤1 ppb fluorescence (quinine) at 365 nm

evapn. residue



APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.387 (lit.)


98 °C (lit.)


−91 °C (lit.)


0.684 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

UV absorption

λ: 200 nm Amax: ≤0.70
λ: 210 nm Amax: ≤0.40
λ: 220 nm Amax: ≤0.10
λ: 230 nm Amax: ≤0.05
λ: 245 nm Amax: ≤0.01
λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.01
λ: 400 nm Amax: ≤0.01

greener alternative category


SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. Heptane is an environmentally preferable solvent and greener alternative to hexane for chromatographic purification and thus has been enhanced for "Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries". Click here for more information.
Tools and techniques for solvent selection: green solvent selection guides.

Heptane (n-Heptane) is a linear hydrocarbon. Its cetane number has been reported to be 56.


Greener alternatives to Hexane in HPLC.
Heptane (n-heptane) may be used to compose the solvent mixtures for the purification of N-acylpyrrolidine derivatives of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) by TLC (Thin Layer Chromatography).


56 L in Pure-Pac™ 1
200 L in Pure-Pac™ 2
1, 6×1, 2, 4×2, 4×4 L in glass bottle
20 L in Nowpak™
100 mL in glass bottle
20, 50 L in Pure-Pac™ 2

Features and Benefits

Greener alternative for hexane

Other Notes

Important notice
The article number 34873-4X2.5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 34873-2.5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

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Signal Word



Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system


3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

24.8 °F

Flash Point(C)

-4 °C

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Bacterial phospholipid molecular species analysis by ion-pair reversed-phase HPLC/ESI/MS.
Mazzella N, et al.
Journal of Lipid Research, 45(7), 1355-1363 (2004)
A comprehensive modeling study of n-heptane oxidation.
Curran HJ, et al.
Combustion and Flame, 114(1), 149-177 (1998)
Arun K Kota et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 24(43), 5838-5843 (2012-08-30)
Hierarchically structured, superoleophobic surfaces are demonstrated that display one of the lowest contact angle hysteresis values ever reported - even with extremely low-surface-tension liquids such as n-heptane. Consequently, these surfaces allow, for the first time, even ≈2 μL n-heptane droplets...
Bing Chen et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 188(1-3), 369-374 (2011-02-26)
The influence of the initial fuel temperature on the burning behavior of n-heptane pool fire was experimentally studied at the State Key Laboratory of Fire Science (SKLFS) large test hall. Circular pool fires with diameters of 100mm, 141 mm, and...
Gábor Csordás et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e98191-e98191 (2014-06-04)
In recent years, Drosophila melanogaster has become an attractive model organism in which to study the structure and development of the cellular immune components. The emergence of immunological markers greatly accelerated the identification of the immune cells (hemocytes), while the...
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