34943

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

puriss. p.a., dried, ≤0.02% water

Synonym(s):
DMSO
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2SO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
506008
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor density

2.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.9% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

573 °F

quality

dried

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

impurities

≤0.0001% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.001% free acid (as H2SO4)
≤0.002% non-volatile matter
≤0.02% water
≤0.03% water (Karl Fischer)

refractive index

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)

density

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

cation traces

Fe: ≤1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a polar solvent. DMSO activated by various electrophiles (oxalyl chloride) has been used to oxidize various alcohols (primary, secondary, allylic, benzylic, hindered and bicyclic). Carbonyl compounds are formed as reaction products. It has been proposed as an alternate solvent for methyl cellosolve for use in ninhydrin reaction, due to its high stability.

Application

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) has been used as a solvent in the high-throughput compound screening studies conducted on Mtb (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) H37Rv host cells.

Packaging

1, 6×1 L in glass bottle

Caution

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

Other Notes

For information on dimethyl sulfoxide miscibility, please visit the following link:
Dimethyl Sulfoxide Miscibility/Immiscibility Table

storage_class_code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

188.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

87 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Christophe J Queval et al.
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (83)(83), e51114-e51114 (2014-01-30)
Despite the availability of therapy and vaccine, tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most deadly and widespread bacterial infections in the world. Since several decades, the sudden burst of multi- and extensively-drug resistant strains is a serious threat for the...
A RAPID PERMETHYLATION OF GLYCOLIPID, AND POLYSACCHARIDE CATALYZED BY METHYLSULFINYL CARBANION IN DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE.
S HAKOMORI
Journal of biochemistry, 55, 205-208 (1964-02-01)
Amino acid analysis: aqueous dimethyl sulfoxide as solvent for the ninhydrin reaction.
S Moore
The Journal of biological chemistry, 243(23), 6281-6283 (1968-12-10)
Oxidation of alcohols by ?activated? dimethyl sulfoxide. A preparative, steric and mechanistic study.
Omura K and Swern D.
Tetrahedron, 34(11), 1651-1660 (1978)
Björn Zörner et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 6), 1716-1732 (2014-04-17)
Anatomical plasticity such as fibre growth and the formation of new connections in the cortex and spinal cord is one known mechanism mediating functional recovery after damage to the central nervous system. Little is known about anatomical plasticity in the...

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