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399388

Sigma-Aldrich

Formic acid

greener alternative

ACS reagent, ≥88%

Linear Formula:
HCOOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
46.03
Beilstein:
1209246
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

1.6 (vs air)

vapor pressure

44.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥88%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

1004 °F

expl. lim.

57 %

greener alternative product characteristics

Catalysis
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

dilution test

passes test

impurities

≤0.4% Acetic acid

evapn. residue

≤0.002%

color

APHA: ≤15

refractive index

n20/D 1.370 (lit.)

pH

2.2 (20 °C, 2.2  g/L)

bp

100-101 °C (lit.)

mp

8.2-8.4 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: miscible

density

1.22 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.002%
sulfite (SO32-): passes test

cation traces

Fe: ≤5 ppm
NH4+: ≤0.005%
heavy metals: ≤5 ppm (by ICP)

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

OC=O

InChI

1S/CH2O2/c2-1-3/h1H,(H,2,3)

InChI key

BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. This product has been enhanced for catalysis. Click here for more information.

Application

Reductant used in iron-catalyzed, greener reduction of aldehydes to alcohols .

Fast and selective iron-catalyzed transfer hydrogenations of aldehydes

Packaging

100, 4×100, 500 mL in poly bottle
100 mL in glass bottle
2.5, 4×2.5 L in poly bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

118.4 °F

Flash Point(C)

48 °C

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Modification of Pd for formic acid decomposition by support grafted functional groups.
Jones S, et al.
Catalysis, Structure & Reactivity, 1(1), 19-24 (2015)
Carbon dioxide as a raw material: the synthesis of formic acid and its derivatives from CO2.
Leitner W.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 34(20), 2207-2221 (1995)
Advances in Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells: Fabrication of Efficient Ir/Pd Nanocatalysts for Formic Acid Electro-Oxidation.
Al-Akraa IM, et al.
International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 10, 3282-3290 (2015)
Pd-Cu/C electrocatalysts synthesized by one-pot polyol reduction toward formic acid oxidation: Structural characterization and electrocatalytic performance.
Wang L, et al.
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40(4), 1726-1734 (2015)
Direct formic acid fuel cells on Pd catalysts supported on hybrid TiO2-C materials.
Matos J, et al.
Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental, 163, 167-178 (2015)

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