534064

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetone

histological grade, ≥99.5%

Linear Formula:
CH3COCH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
58.08
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
635680
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

histological grade

vapor density

2 (vs air)

vapor pressure

184 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

expl. lim.

13.2 %

application(s)

histology: suitable

impurities

<0.5% water

evapn. residue

<0.001%

refractive index

n20/D 1.359 (lit.)

pH

5-6 (20 °C, 395 g/L)

bp

56 °C/760 mmHg (lit.)

mp

−94 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: miscible

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC(C)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O/c1-3(2)4/h1-2H3

InChI key

CSCPPACGZOOCGX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetone is an organic solvent widely used in the polymer and pharmaceutical industry. It is found in mammalian tissues as a by-product of metalbolism. It shows potent anticonvulsant property. Acetone in combination with tetraalkylammonium chloride forms an efficient solvent system for dissolving cellulose. The dehydration of acetone can be accomplised by pervaporation using P84 (polyimide membrane)/TAEA (tripodal amine (tris(2-aminoethyl)amine) cross-linked asymmetric flat sheet membranes. The acetone vapors can undergo photolysis in a titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalyst immobilized UV irradiated reactor.

Application

Acetone′s luminesence intensity is dependent upon the solution components . The absorption of UV light by acetone, results in its photolysis and the production of radials .
Acetone may be employed in the following studies:
  • As a precursor for the synthesis of methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) in the presence of sulfonated graphene oxide-Pd/cordierite catalyst.
  • Synthesis of (4-hydroxymethyl-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolane), a solketal from glycerol using supercritical fluids (SCF) technology.
  • As a starting material to synthesize methyl methacrylate.
It may be used in the synthesis of the following acetone hydrazones:
  • 1-isopropylidene-2-methylhydrazine
  • 1-isopropylidene-2-hydroxyethylhydrazine
  • 1-isopropylidene-2-formylhydrazine

Packaging

500 mL in poly bottle
18, 20 L in steel drum
4, 4×4 L in poly bottle

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

hazcat

Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Supp Hazards

EUH066

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

1.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-17.0 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Johanson G.
Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, 735-752 (2012)
Marc Kostag et al.
Macromolecular rapid communications, 35(16), 1419-1422 (2014-06-14)
Acetone containing tetraalkylammonium chloride is found to be an efficient solvent for cellulose. The addition of an amount of 10 mol% (based on acetone) of well-soluble salt triethyloctylammonium chloride (Et3 OctN Cl) adjusts the solvent's properties (increases the polarity) to...
Acetone as an anticonvulsant.
Likhodii S, et al.
Epilepsia, 49(8), 83-86 (2008)
Photocatalytic degradation of acetone and methanol in a flow-through photoreactor with immobilized TiO2.
Moulis F and Krysa J.
Research on Chemical Intermediates, 41(12), 9233-9242 (2015)
Ketalization of glycerol to solketal in supercritical acetone.
Royon D, et al.
Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 58(1), 88-92 (2011)

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