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60130

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium chloride

puriss. p.a., ≥99.5% (AT)

Linear Formula:
KCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.55
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.5% (AT)

form

powder or crystals

impurities

≤0.001% total nitrogen (N)

pH

5.5-8.0 (20 °C, 50 mg/mL in H2O)

mp

770 °C (lit.)

density

1.98 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

bromide (Br-): ≤700 mg/kg
iodide (I-): ≤20 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤30 mg/kg

cation traces

Ca: ≤50 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤2 mg/kg
Mg: ≤10 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤200 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[Cl-].[K+]

InChI

1S/ClH.K/h1H;/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

WCUXLLCKKVVCTQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Potassium chloride, an alkali metal halide, is a colorless crystalline salt. Its solubility in water is directly proportional to increase in temperature. It can be prepared from potassium hydroxide, via neutralization reaction with HCl. Calorimetric estimation of the enthalpy of solution of potassium chloride in water has been described.

Application

Potassium chloride may be used in the preparation of fertilizer, potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate and other potassium salts. It may be used in the calorimetric determination of enthalpy and heat capacity values during the deprotonation (loss of proton H+) of buffers. From these values temperature dependence of the pH of these buffers was calculated.
May be used for the preparation of phosphate buffered saline, and for the extraction and solubilization of proteins.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

The use of potassium chloride and tris (hydroxymethyl) aminomethane as standard substances for solution calorimetry.
Rychly R and Pekarek V.
The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 9(4), 391-396 (1977)
H Fukada et al.
Proteins, 33(2), 159-166 (1998-10-21)
Enthalpy and heat capacity changes for the deprotonation of 18 buffers were calorimetrically determined in 0.1 M potassium chloride at temperatures ranging from 5 to 45 degrees C. The values of the dissociation constant were also determined by means of...
Jules D P Valentin et al.
Journal of colloid and interface science, 552, 247-257 (2019-05-28)
Many materials used in the medical settings such as catheters and contact lenses as well as most biological tissues are not purely elastic, but rather viscoelastic. While substrate elasticity has been investigated for its influence on bacterial adhesion, the impact...
Masatoshi Takagaki et al.
Experimental neurology, 252, 12-17 (2013-11-20)
Sedatives in the neurointensive care unit can strongly influence patients' risks of developing secondary brain damage. In particular, isoflurane, a volatile anesthetic, has been recently re-introduced to the neurointensive care unit, and first clinical studies suggest beneficial effects due to...
Hanne Sørup Tastesen et al.
Amino acids, 46(7), 1659-1671 (2014-03-25)
High-protein diets induce alterations in metabolism that may prevent diet-induced obesity. However, little is known as to whether different protein sources consumed at normal levels may affect diet-induced obesity and associated co-morbidities. We fed obesity-prone male C57BL/6J mice high-fat, high-sucrose...

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