62470

Sigma-Aldrich

Lithium carbonate

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reagent (for microscopy), ≥99.0% (T)

Synonym(s):
Carbolithium, Carbonic acid lithium salt
Linear Formula:
Li2CO3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
73.89
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3999191
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NB.24

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
reagent (for microscopy)
puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0% (T)

form

powder

pH

9-11 (1 g/L)

mp

618 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤20 mg/kg
nitrate (NO3-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Ca: ≤50 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Mg: ≤10 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
NH4+: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg
heavy metals: ≤0.002% (by ICP-OES)

SMILES string

[Li+].[Li+].[O-]C([O-])=O

InChI

1S/CH2O3.2Li/c2-1(3)4;;/h(H2,2,3,4);;/q;2*+1/p-2

InChI key

XGZVUEUWXADBQD-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Gene Information

human ... GSK3A(2931), GSK3B(2932), IMPA1(3612)

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General description

Lithium carbonate (Li2CO3), a lithium salt, is a white monoclinic crystalline solid. Its industrial preparation has been described. In laboratory, it can be synthesized by reacting carbon dioxide gas with a lithium hydroxide solution.

Application

Lithium carbonate (Li2CO3) may be used in the following studies:
  • As a precursor in the preparation of LiFe1-yVyPO4 solid solutions.
  • As a starting reagent for the synthesis of various lithium salts (lithium chloride and lithium bromide).

Packaging

100, 500 g in poly bottle

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Vanadium modified LiFePO4 cathode for Li-ion batteries.
Hong J, et al
Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 12(2), A33-A38 (2009)
Hart WA, et al.
The Chemistry of Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium and Francium, 355-355 (1973)
Andrew A Nierenberg et al.
The American journal of psychiatry, 170(1), 102-110 (2013-01-05)
Lithium salts, once the mainstay of therapy for bipolar disorder, have tolerability issues at a higher dosage that often limit adherence. The authors investigated the comparative effectiveness of more tolerable dosages of lithium as part of optimized personalized treatment (OPT)....
Andrea Contestabile et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 123(1), 348-361 (2012-12-04)
Down syndrome (DS) patients exhibit abnormalities of hippocampal-dependent explicit memory, a feature that is replicated in relevant mouse models of the disease. Adult hippocampal neurogenesis, which is impaired in DS and other neuropsychiatric diseases, plays a key role in hippocampal...
Tom Bschor et al.
Journal of clinical psychopharmacology, 33(1), 38-44 (2013-01-02)
Studies of the 1970s and 1980s showed lithium monotherapy to be an effective treatment of acute unipolar major depressive disorder (MDD) and hence as a potential alternative to monoaminergic antidepressants.The objective was to conduct the first comparison of a lithium...

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