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673773

Sigma-Aldrich

2-Propanol

ACS reagent, ≥99.5%

Synonym(s):
IPA, isopropanol, Isopropanol, sec-Propyl alcohol, Isopropyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2CHOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
60.10
Beilstein:
635639
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

2.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

33 mmHg ( 20 °C)
44 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

750 °F

expl. lim.

2.0-12.7 %, 93 °C

impurities

≤0.0001 meq/g Titr. acid or base
≤0.002% carbonyl compounds (propionaldehyde or acetone)
≤0.2% water

evapn. residue

≤0.001%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.377 (lit.)

pH

7.0 (20 °C)

bp

82 °C (lit.)

mp

−89.5 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: passes test
water: soluble

density

0.785 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC(C)O

InChI

1S/C3H8O/c1-3(2)4/h3-4H,1-2H3

InChI key

KFZMGEQAYNKOFK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

2-Propanol (i-PrOH), a renewable secondary alcohol, is water soluble, colorless, volatile liquid with a sweet odor. It is a potential substitute to petroleum-derived gasoline. Preparation of methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) using 2-propanol as the precursor has been reported with yield as high as 25%. Solubility of benzoic acid has been investigated in 2-propanol by gravimetric method in the temperature range, 277-346K. Its photocatalytic degradation has been examined by various methods.

Application

2-Propanol may be used in the following processes:
  • As a solvent in the synthesis of di- and trisubstituted ortho biaryls by Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction.
  • As an alternate solvent to benzene in the analysis of total carbonyl compounds in heated and frying oils.
  • As a reaction medium in the preparation of cyclic ureas by reacting CO2 with diamines in the presence of pure cerium oxide (CeO2).

Packaging

4×4 L in aluminum bottle

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

53.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

12.0 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

A general method for the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of sterically hindered aryl chlorides: Synthesis of di-and tri-ortho-substituted biaryls in 2-propanol at room temperature.
Navarro O, et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125(52), 16194-16195 (2003)
Photocatalytic degradation of 2-propanol under irradiation of visible light by nanocrystalline titanium (IV) oxide modified with rhodium ion using adsorption method.
Kitano S, et al.
Chemistry Letters (Jpn), 39(6), 627-629 (2010)
Photocatalytic degradation of 2-propanol and phenol using Au loaded MnWO4 nanorod under visible light irradiation.
Chakraborty AK, et al.
Journal of Cluster Science, 23(2), 437-448 (2012)
Highly efficient synthesis of cyclic ureas from CO2 and diamines by a pure CeO2 catalyst using a 2-propanol solvent.
Tamura M, et al.
Green Chemistry, 15(6), 1567-1577 (2013)
Influence of activated carbon in TiO2 and ZnO mediated photo-assisted degradation of 2-propanol in gas-solid regime.
Matos J, et al.
Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental, 99(1), 170-180 (2010)

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