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695017

Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphoric acid

ACS reagent, ≥85 wt. % in H2O

Synonym(s):
Orthophosphoric acid
Linear Formula:
H3PO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
98.00
Beilstein:
1921286
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

3.4 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.2 mmHg ( 20 °C)
5 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

≥85% H3PO4 basis (by NaOH, titration)

form

liquid

concentration

≥85 wt. % in H2O

application(s)

NMR: suitable

impurities

reducing substances, passes test
≤0.001% volatile acids (as CH3COOH)

color

APHA: ≤10

bp

158 °C (lit.)

mp

~40 °C (lit.)

density

1.685 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤3 ppm
nitrate (NO3-): ≤5 ppm
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%

cation traces

As: ≤1 ppm
Ca: ≤0.002%
Fe: ≤0.003%
K: ≤0.005%
Mg: ≤0.02%
Mn: ≤0.5 ppm
Na: ≤0.025%
Sb: ≤0.002%
heavy metals: ≤0.001% (by ICP)

SMILES string

OP(O)(O)=O

InChI

1S/H3O4P/c1-5(2,3)4/h(H3,1,2,3,4)

InChI key

NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... SRC(6714)

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General description

Phosphoric acid (H3PO4) is useful in industry for treating the metal surfaces to obtain better adhesion of paint and resin coatings.

Application

Phosphoric acid may be employed as standard for the determination of phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) chemical shifts of the common phospholipids. It may be employed in the following studies:
  • As external standard for the analysis of lipid composition of human white matter by 31P NMR spectroscopy.
  • As external standard during the acid-labile phosphorylation of histone H4 by 31P NMR spectroscopy.
  • As reference standard to investigate the surface species present on silica/alumina-supported sodium phosphates by pre- and postreaction MAS31P-NMR and FTIR spectroscopies.
  • As catalyst in the vapor-phase Fries rearrangement of phenylacetate at 623K over a series of surface modified and unmodified ZSM-5.

Packaging

2.5 L in poly bottle
100, 12×100, 500 mL in poly bottle

Other Notes

Concentrated phosphoric acid is approx. 85% H3PO4 (aqueous).

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

FTIR and 31 P-NMR spectroscopic analyses of surface species in phosphate-catalyzed lactic acid conversion.
Gunter GC, et al.
J. Catal., 164(1), 207-219 (1996)
A simple method of increasing the adhesion of acrylic filling materials to enamel surfaces.
Buonocore MG.
Journal of Dental Research, 34(6), 849-853 (1955)
J M Fujitaki et al.
Biochemistry, 20(12), 3658-3664 (1981-06-09)
Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) is used to investigate acid-labile phosphorylation of histone H4. 31P NMR detects phosphorylated histidine residues in in vitro enzymatically phosphorylated H4. The source of kinase is nuclei from either regenerating rat liver or Walker-256...
D S Marinier et al.
Journal of lipid research, 29(9), 1237-1243 (1988-09-01)
In order to study the lipid composition of human white matter, we have developed a 31P NMR spectroscopy method, which allows the determination and quantitation of the main phospholipids found in biological membranes. The technique is based upon the use...
Internal versus external surface active sites in ZSM-5 zeolite: Part 1. Fries rearrangement catalyzed by modified and unmodified H3PO4/ZSM-5.
Ghiaci M, et al.
Applied Catalysis A: General, 298, 32-39 (2006)

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Endoproteinase Glu-C (EC 3.4.21.19)

This procedure may be used for determination of Endoproteinase Glu-C enzymatic activity using N-t-Boc-L-glutamic acid α-phenyl ester as the substrate.

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