73036

Sigma-Aldrich

Lithium chloride

puriss. p.a., anhydrous, ≥99.0% (AT)

Linear Formula:
LiCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
42.39
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

vapor pressure

1.33 hPa ( 547 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0% (AT)

form

powder or crystals

loss

<1% loss on drying, 110°C

pH

5.5-7.5 (25 °C, 50 mg/mL in H2O)

mp

605 °C (lit.)

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Ba: ≤10 mg/kg
Ca: ≤20 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤10 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

[Li+].[Cl-]

InChI

1S/ClH.Li/h1H;/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

KWGKDLIKAYFUFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Lithium chloride (LiCl) is a lithium salt. It participates in the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reactions of base-sensitive aldehydes and phosphonates. LiCl/N,N-Dimethylacetamide (DMAc) solvent system has been employed for the dissolution of cellulose and synthesis of various cellulose derivatives (cellulose esters, carbamates, sulfonates and ethers). It can be synthesized from lithium carbonate (Li2CO3).

Application

Lithium chloride (LiCl) may be used in the synthesis of lithium perchlorate by reacting with perchloric acid.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Horner-wadsworth-emmons reaction: Use of lithium chloride and an amine for base-sensitive compounds.
Blanchette MA, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 25(21), 2183-2186 (1984)
Hart WA, et al.
The Chemistry of Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium and Francium, 355-355 (1973)
Derivatization of cellulose in lithium chloride and N-N-dimethylacetamide solutions.
McCormick CL and Callais PA.
Polymer, 28(13), 2317-2323 (1987)
Solution studies of cellulose in lithium chloride and N,N-dimethylacetamide.
McCormick CL, et al.
Macromolecules, 18(12), 2394-2401 (1985)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 605-605 (1994)

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