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74821

Sigma-Aldrich

Octane

puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)

Synonym(s):
n-Octane
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)6CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
114.23
Beilstein:
1696875
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

3.9 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

11 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

428 °F

expl. lim.

6.5 %

impurities

≤0.02% water

evapn. residue

≤0.002%

refractive index

n20/D 1.398 (lit.)

bp

125-127 °C (lit.)

mp

−57 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: soluble(lit.)

density

0.703 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CCCCCCCC

InChI

1S/C8H18/c1-3-5-7-8-6-4-2/h3-8H2,1-2H3

InChI key

TVMXDCGIABBOFY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Octane (n-Octane) is a linear alkane hydrocarbon. It has 18 structural isomeric forms. Octane is formed during the hydrogenation of coal. Its octane rating has been reported to be -17. Flame ignition temperatures of isomers of octane and decane have been determined.

Application

Octane (n-Octane) may be used in the preparation of mesoporous silica-encased gold nanorods (MS-GNRs).

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

55.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

13 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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