77234

Sigma-Aldrich

Perchloric acid

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, packed in coated, shock- and leak-protected glass bottle, ≥60% (T)

Synonym(s):
PCA
Linear Formula:
HClO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
100.46
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

assay

≥60% (T)

form

liquid

quality

packed in coated, shock- and leak-protected glass bottle

impurities

≤0.00005% free chlorine (Cl)
≤0.001% total nitrogen (N)

ign. residue

≤0.003% (as SO4)

density

1.670 g/cm3

anion traces

chlorate (ClO3-): ≤10 mg/kg
chloride (Cl-): ≤3 mg/kg
phosphate, silicate (as SiO2): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤10 mg/kg

cation traces

Ag: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Al: ≤0.05 mg/kg
As: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Fe: ≤1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Tl: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

OCl(=O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/ClHO4/c2-1(3,4)5/h(H,2,3,4,5)

InChI key

VLTRZXGMWDSKGL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Perchloric acid (HClO4), an oxygen acid of chlorine, is a colorless liquid. It is strongly acidic in nature. Hydrates of perchloric acid are obtained on its dissolution in water.

Other Notes

Reagent for the decomposition of metals and organic compounds (danger of explosions)

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Thyroid

RIDADR

UN 1873 8(5.1) / PGI

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Z. Sulcek et al.
Methods of Decomposition in Inorganic Analysis (1989)
R. Bock
Aufschlussmethoden der anorg. & org. Chemie (1972)
Sulfur in plant materials by digestion with nitric and perchloric acid.
Blanchar RW, et al.
Soil Science Society of America Journal. Soil Science Society of America, 29(1), 71-72 (1965)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 790-790 (1994)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 849-849 (1994)

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