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M46837

Sigma-Aldrich

Methyl formate

reagent grade, 97%

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Synonym(s):
Formic acid methyl ester
Linear Formula:
HCO2CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
60.05
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1734623
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

reagent grade

Quality Level

vapor density

2.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

32.81 psi ( 55 °C)
9.21 psi ( 20 °C)

assay

97%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

842 °F

expl. lim.

23 %

impurities

≤3% methyl alcohol

refractive index

n20/D 1.343 (lit.)

pH

4.0-5.0 (20 °C, 200 g/L)

bp

32-34 °C (lit.)

mp

−100 °C (lit.)

density

0.974 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)OC

InChI

1S/C2H4O2/c1-4-2-3/h2H,1H3

InChI key

TZIHFWKZFHZASV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
11268225970506547
vibrant-m

M46837

Methyl formate

vibrant-m

112682

Ethyl formate

vibrant-m

259705

Methyl formate

vibrant-m

06547

Methyl formate

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

assay

97%

assay

97%

assay

≥98%

assay

≥99.8% (GC)

form

liquid

form

-

form

liquid

form

-

pH

4.0-5.0 (20 °C, 200 g/L)

pH

-

pH

4.0-5.0 (20 °C, 200 g/L)

pH

-

expl. lim.

23 %

expl. lim.

16 %

expl. lim.

23 %

expl. lim.

23 %

Application

Methyl formate may be used to prepare formamides via amine formaylation.

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 1 - STOT SE 1 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

-2.2 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

-19 °C - closed cup


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Catalytic reaction of methyl formate with amines to formamides.
Deutsch J, et al.
Tetrahedron, 65(50), 10365-10369 (2009)
Marine S Da Silva et al.
Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 126, 64-71 (2017-10-17)
This study aimed to determine whether dairy macronutrients alter markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in endothelial cells. Human endothelial cells (HUVEC) were treated with ruminant trans fatty acids (rTFA), either trans-vaccenic acid (tVA) or trans-palmitoleic acid (tPA), whey protein
Jean-François Bilodeau et al.
Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 164, 102215-102215 (2020-12-05)
Cancer has been associated with increased oxidative stress and deregulation of bioactive oxylipins derived from long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) like arachidonic acid (AA). There is a debate whether ω-3 LC-PUFA could promote or prevent prostate tumor growth through immune
Methyl formate as a new building block in C1 chemistry.
Lee JS, et al.
Applied Catalysis, 57(1), 1-30 (1990)
Rotational isomerism in methyl formate and methyl acetate; a low-temperature matrix infrared study using thermal molecular beams.
Blom CE and Gunthard HH.
Chemical Physics Letters, 84(2), 267-271 (1981)

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