P3911

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium chloride

ACS reagent, 99.0-100.5%

Linear Formula:
KCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.55
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

assay

99.0-100.5%

form

powder

impurities

≤0.005% Insoluble matter

pH

5.4-8.6 (25 °C, 5% in solution)

mp

770 °C (lit.)

density

1.98 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

bromide (Br-): ≤0.01%
chlorate, nitrate (as NO3-): ≤0.003%
iodide (I-): ≤0.002%
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 ppm
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.001%

cation traces

Ba:, passes test (limit about 0.001%)
Ca: ≤0.002%
Fe: ≤3 ppm
Mg: ≤0.001%
Na: ≤0.005%
heavy metals (as Pb): ≤5 ppm

SMILES string

[Cl-].[K+]

InChI

1S/ClH.K/h1H;/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

WCUXLLCKKVVCTQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Potassium chloride is an inorganic salt commonly used in fertilizer industry. Its generation via chlorination of microcline has been reported. The intrinsic and extrinsic conductivity of KCl crystals have been measured. The impact of KCl on the activity of mitochondrial membrane, cristae and matrix proteins has been investigated. It facilitates the preparation of isoxazolines in aqueous medium.

Application

Potassium chloride has been used in the preparation of the following:
  • Amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) deposition solution, used for ACP coating on Ti coupons.
  • Modified methylene blue (MB) solution, utilized in the MB two-phase titration method.
  • 4-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid (HEPES)-containing artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) solutions.
  • Artificial sea water.
May be used for the preparation of phosphate buffered saline, and for the extraction and solubilization of proteins.

Packaging

1, 2.5 kg in poly bottle
25, 500 g in poly bottle
5, 12 kg in poly drum

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Suman Mishra et al.
International journal of proteomics, 2015, 647408-647408 (2016-01-20)
Potassium chloride (KCl) has been commonly used in homogenization buffer and procedures of protein extraction. It is known to facilitate release of membrane-associated molecules but the higher concentration of KCl may affect the integrity of mitochondria by breaching the electrostatic...
Comparison of titanium soaked in 5M NaOH or 5M KOH solutions.
Kim C, et al.
Materials Science and Engineering, C, 33(1), 327-339 (2013)
Stability of stearic acid monolayers on Artificial Sea Water.
Brzozowska AM, et al.
Colloids and Surfaces. A, Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 407, 38-48 (2012)
Potassium chloride production by microcline chlorination.
Orosco P and del Carmen Ruiz M.
Thermochimica Acta, 613, 108-112 (2015)
Leyu Cui et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(22), 11055-11061 (2014-11-05)
The methylene blue (MB) two-phase titration method is a rapid and efficient method for determining the concentrations of anionic surfactants. The point at which the aqueous and chloroform phases appear equally blue is called Epton's end point. However, many inorganic...

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