14300

Sigma-Aldrich

Betaine monohydrate

≥99.0% (NT)

Linear Formula:
(CH3)3N+CH2COO- · H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
135.16
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3626258
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

assay

≥99.0% (NT)

solubility

H2O: 0.1 g/mL, clear, colorless

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O.C[N+](C)(C)CC([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C5H11NO2.H2O/c1-6(2,3)4-5(7)8;/h4H2,1-3H3;1H2

InChI key

NJZRLXNBGZBREL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Packaging

100, 500 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

End-product of oxidative metabolism of choline, betaine is a general methyl donor, in particular in a minor pathway of methionine biosynthesis. It is used to treat homocystinuria, which is a defect in the major pathway of methionine biosynthesis.

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Cletus Nunes et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 93(1), 38-47 (2003-12-04)
The objectives were (1). to perform solid-state characterization of anhydrous betaine (A) and betaine monohydrate (M), (2). to develop a pressure differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) technique for the quantification of M when present as a minor component in a mixture...
M Kovárová et al.
Nucleic acids research, 28(13), E70-E70 (2000-06-28)
Tetramethylammonium (TMA) chloride, dimethyl sulfoxide and formamide are known to increase, under certain conditions, the specificity and efficiency of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We compared the ability of several TMA derivatives and some other reagents to increase the specificity...
Theodore Spilker et al.
Journal of clinical microbiology, 50(9), 3010-3015 (2012-07-13)
The genus Achromobacter currently is comprised of seven species, including Achromobacter xylosoxidans, an opportunistic and nosocomial pathogen that displays broad-spectrum antimicrobial resistance and is recognized as causing chronic respiratory tract infection in persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). To enable strain...
Russell D L Johnstone et al.
Acta crystallographica. Section B, Structural science, 65(Pt 6), 731-748 (2009-11-20)
We report the effect of pressure on the crystal structures of betaine monohydrate (BTM), L-cysteic acid monohydrate (CAM) and S-4-sulfo-L-phenylalanine monohydrate (SPM). All three structures are composed of layers of zwitterionic molecules separated by layers of water molecules. In BTM...
Meike Eklund et al.
Archives of animal nutrition, 60(4), 289-300 (2006-08-23)
A balance experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of betaine monohydrate (BET) or betaine derived from condensed molasses solubles (CMS) as a substitute for methionine and choline on nitrogen (N) balance and total tract nutrient digestibility in weaned...

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