16859

Sigma-Aldrich

D-α-Hydroxyglutaric acid disodium salt

≥98.0% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Disodium (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate, (R)-2-Hydroxypentanedioic acid disodium salt
Linear Formula:
C5H6O5Na2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
192.08
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
5318041
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

assay

≥98.0% (GC)

optical activity

[α]/D 8.5±1.5°, c = 1 in NaOH

impurities

≤6.0% water

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[Na].O[C@H](CCC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H8O5.2Na/c6-3(5(9)10)1-2-4(7)8;;/h3,6H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10);;/q;2*+1/p-2/t3-;;/m1../s1

InChI key

DZHFTEDSQFPDPP-HWYNEVGZSA-L

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Biochem/physiol Actions

Biomarker for inborn errors of metabolism and cancer

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Andrew J Worth et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 28(5), 948-954 (2015-03-25)
The α-ketoglutarate metabolite, 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG), has emerged as an important mediator in a subset of cancers and rare inherited inborn errors of metabolism. Because of potential enantiospecific metabolism, chiral analysis is essential for determining the biochemical impacts of altered 2-HG...
Stereochemical studies on porphyrin a: assignment of the absolute configuration of a model porphyrin by degradation.
Battersby, A.R., et al.
Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 1, 9, 1565-1580 (1986)
Stereospecific ketonization of 2-hydroxymuconate by 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase and 5-(carboxymethyl)-2-hydroxymuconate isomerase.
Whitman, C.P., et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 114, 10104-10110 (1992)
Seth J Parker et al.
Pharmacology & therapeutics, 152, 54-62 (2015-05-10)
Specific point mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) occur in a variety of cancers, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), low-grade gliomas, and chondrosarcomas. These mutations inactivate wild-type enzymatic activity and convey neomorphic function to produce d-2-hydroxyglutarate...
K E Yen et al.
Oncogene, 29(49), 6409-6417 (2010-10-26)
The discovery of somatic mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) enzymes through a genome-wide mutational analysis in glioblastoma represents a milestone event in cancer biology. The nature of the heterozygous, point mutations mapping to arginine residues involved in the substrate...

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