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183164

Sigma-Aldrich

(R)-(+)-Limonene

greener alternative

97%

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Synonym(s):
(+)-p-Mentha-1,8-diene, (+)-Carvene, (R)-4-Isopropenyl-1-methyl-1-cyclohexene
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C10H16
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
136.23
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
2204754
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.79

vapor density

4.7 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

<3 mmHg ( 14.4 °C)

assay

97%

form

liquid

optical purity

ee: 98% (GLC)

expl. lim.

6.1 %

greener alternative product characteristics

Waste Prevention
Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries
Use of Renewable Feedstocks
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

refractive index

n20/D 1.473 (lit.)

bp

176-177 °C (lit.)

density

0.842 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

greener alternative category

SMILES string

CC(=C)[C@@H]1CCC(C)=CC1

InChI

1S/C10H16/c1-8(2)10-6-4-9(3)5-7-10/h4,10H,1,5-7H2,2-3H3/t10-/m0/s1

InChI key

XMGQYMWWDOXHJM-JTQLQIEISA-N

Gene Information

human ... CYP1A2(1544)

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1 of 4

This Item
W26330362118218367
vibrant-m

183164

(R)-(+)-Limonene

vibrant-m

W263303

(R)-(+)-Limonene

vibrant-m

62118

(R)-(+)-Limonene

vibrant-m

218367

(S)-(−)-Limonene

form

liquid

form

-

form

-

form

liquid

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

400

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

bp

176-177 °C (lit.)

bp

176-177 °C (lit.)

bp

176-177 °C (lit.)

bp

175-177 °C (lit.)

density

0.842 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

density

0.842 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

density

0.842 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

density

0.844 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

vapor density

4.7 (vs air)

vapor density

4.7 (vs air)

vapor density

4.7 (vs air)

vapor density

4.7 (vs air)

Application

Chiral intermediate for natural product synthesis.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Limonene is a cyclie terpene from Chinese medicinal herb essential oils used in the synthesis of carvone. Limonene may be used as a shrinking agent to dissolve polystyrene. Limonene may be used in various insecticidal and insect repellant applications.

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

123.8 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

51 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Fan Yang et al.
Frontiers in medicine, 8, 591830-591830 (2021-03-27)
At the time of the prevalence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), pulmonary fibrosis (PF) related to COVID-19 has become the main sequela. However, the mechanism of PF related to COVID (COVID-PF) is unknown. This study aimed to explore the key
Jay M Patel et al.
Bio-protocol, 9(20), e3406-e3406 (2019-10-20)
Appetite is tightly linked to the sensory experience of feeding, including the smell, taste, and sight of food. Sensory perception can affect the palatability of food, modulating appetite beyond homeostatic requirements. Hypothalamic neurons that govern feeding are responsive to sensory
Thomas G T Jaenson et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 43(1), 113-119 (2006-03-02)
In laboratory tests, ethyl acetate extracts of Hyptis suaveolens Poit. from Guinea-Bissau and Rhododendon tomentosum (Stokes) H. Harmaja (formerly Ledum palustre L.) and Myrica gale L. significantly reduced probing activity of Aedes aegypti (L.). In the field in southern Sweden
L Castillejos et al.
Journal of dairy science, 89(7), 2649-2658 (2006-06-15)
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of several essential oil active compounds on rumen microbial fermentation. In the first experiment, 4 doses (5, 50, 500, and 5,000 mg/L) of 5 essential oil compounds were evaluated using in vitro
Ilavenil Soundharrajan et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2018, 4573254-4573254 (2018-09-27)
Adipocyte is an important place for lipid storage. Defects in lipid storage in adipocytes can lead to lipodystrophy and lipid accumulation in muscle, liver, and other organs. It is the condition of mixed dyslipidemia which may favor the development of

Protocols

-(+)-Limonene, purum, ≥98.0% (sum of enantiomers, GC); Geranyl tiglate; α-Terpineol, natural, ≥96%, FCC, FG; Geranyl formate; α-Pinene

-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol; Neral; Geraniol; Geranial; Undecanal; Citronellyl acetate; Neryl acetate; 3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl acetate; 1-Tetradecene; Tetradecane; α-Bisabolol

-β-Farnesene; α-Huµlene; Germacrene D; (+)-Valencene; Bicyclogermacrene; (+)-δ-Cadinene

Chromatograms

suitable for GC

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