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Deoxycholic acid

≥99.0% (T)

7-Deoxycholic acid, Desoxycholic acid, 3α,12α-Dihydroxy-5β-cholanic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

biological source

ox bile




≥99.0% (T)



optical activity

[α]20/D +54±1°, c = 1% in ethanol

mol wt

392.57 g/mol


≤1% cholic acid (TLC)


170-175 °C
171-174 °C (lit.)

functional group

carboxylic acid

SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

human ... ATIC(471)

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General description

Deoxycholic acid is an amphiphilic molecule and an important constituent of bile acid. It contains hydroxyl groups substituted at the 3α and 12α positions and a carboxyl group towards the end of the branched-chain. These moieties contribute to the hydrophilic nature of the molecule and the hydrophobic cyclopentanophenanthrene forms its center.


Deoxycholic acid has been used as:
  • a hyphal-inhibitory compound in an ex vivo assay to study the hyphal morphogenesis of Candida albicans in the gastrointestinal tract
  • an internal standard to estimate the toxin concentration in the cell pellet
  • a bile acid (BA) standard to quantitatively measure BA in various samples from treated mice by ultra-performance liquid chromatography triple quadrupole mass spectrometry

Biochem/physiol Actions

Deoxycholic acid, due to its amphiphilicity, significantly helps to solubilize, emulsify, and absorb fat, vitamins, and cholesterol in the body. High levels of intestinal deoxycholic acid might cause colorectal cancer by inducing oxidative stress and leading to DNA damage. It acts as an oncogene and pro-tumor factor.

Other Notes

For the solubilization of the β-adrenergic receptor


Exclamation mark

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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More documents

Quotes and Ordering

Preparation and characterizations of a novel deoxycholic acid-O-carboxymethylated chitosan-folic acid conjugates and self-aggregates
Wang F, et al.
Carbohydrate Polymers, 84, 1192-1200 (2011)
E Nedivi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 259(9), 5803-5808 (1984-05-10)
Agonist, but not antagonist, protects the beta-adrenergic receptor from inactivation during solubilization in deoxycholate. Protection is apparently due to locking of the agonist in the receptor, a high affinity interaction induced or stabilized by this detergent. The guanyl nucleotide-binding protein
Jeffery L Smith et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 39(6), 1673-1682 (2004-06-09)
Focal biliary cirrhosis causes significant morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF). Although the mechanisms of pathogenesis remain unclear, bile acids have been proposed as potential mediators of liver injury. This study examined bile acid composition in CF and assessed
J Stadler et al.
Cancer letters, 38(3), 315-320 (1988-01-01)
Rectal biopsies and fecal collections were obtained from a consecutive series of 34 outpatients prior to colonoscopy at a gastroenterology clinic. Subsequently, 14 were found to have no colonic pathology, 13 had adenomatous polyps, (3 of those had a previous
Thierry Claudel et al.
Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 25(10), 2020-2030 (2005-07-23)
Bile acids are the end products of cholesterol metabolism. They are synthesized in the liver and secreted via bile into the intestine, where they aid in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and dietary fat. Subsequently, bile acids return to the

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