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47608

Sigma-Aldrich

Formaldehyde solution

for molecular biology, BioReagent, ≥36.0% in H2O (T)

Synonym(s):
Formalin
Linear Formula:
HCHO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
30.03
Beilstein:
1209228
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.52

grade

for molecular biology

Quality Level

vapor density

1.03 (vs air)

vapor pressure

52 mmHg ( 37 °C)

product line

BioReagent

assay

36.0-38.0% (aldehyde method)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

572 °F

contains

~10% methanol as stabilizer

concentration

≥36.0% in H2O (T)

technique(s)

electrophoresis: suitable

impurities

≤0.03% free acid (as HCOOH)

ign. residue

≤0.05% (as SO4)

pH

2.8-4.0

density

1.09 g/mL at 20 °C
1.09 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤10 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤20 mg/kg

cation traces

Ca: ≤5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤1 mg/kg
Co: ≤1 mg/kg
Cr: ≤1 mg/kg
Cu: ≤1 mg/kg
Fe: ≤1 mg/kg
K: ≤20 mg/kg
Mg: ≤1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤1 mg/kg
Na: ≤100 mg/kg
Ni: ≤1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤1 mg/mL

λ

2 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.01
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01

suitability

in accordance for electrophoresis of RNA in agarose gels

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

[H]C([H])=O

InChI

1S/CH2O/c1-2/h1H2

InChI key

WSFSSNUMVMOOMR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Formaldehyde is a molecular biology reagent that denaturates RNA during electrophoresis when incorporated in agarose gels.

Application

Suitable for
  • denaturation and separation of RNA molecules
  • anti-bacterial treatment
  • fixation of cells

Caution

may contain precipitate (paraformaldehyde)

Principle

Formaldehyde disrupts the secondary structure of RNA and allows separation and identification of RNA species based on charge migration.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Carc. 1B - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - Skin Sens. 1 - STOT SE 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

133.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

56.11 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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