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51456

Sigma-Aldrich

Urea

BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99% (T)

Synonym(s):
Carbonyldiamide, Carbamide
Linear Formula:
NH2CONH2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
60.06
Beilstein:
635724
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

product line

BioUltra

assay

≥99% (T)

form

powder or crystals

impurities

DNases, none detected
RNases, none detected
insoluble matter, passes filter test
phosphatases, none detected
proteases, none detected
≤0.1% biuret
<0.005% formaldehyde (HCHO)

ign. residue

≤0.01% (as SO4)

loss

≤0.1% loss on drying, 20 °C (HV)

pH

8.0-10.0 (20 °C, 8 M in H2O)

mp

132-135 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 8 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

density

1.335 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤10 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

NC(N)=O

λ

8 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.03
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.02

InChI

1S/CH4N2O/c2-1(3)4/h(H4,2,3,4)

InChI key

XSQUKJJJFZCRTK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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Application

Used for the denaturation of proteins and as a mild solubilization agent for insoluble or denatured proteins. Useful for renaturing proteins from samples already denatured with 6 M guanidine chloride such as inclusion bodies. May be used with guanidine hydrochloride and dithiothreitrol (DTT) in the refolding of denatured proteins into their native or active form.

Other Notes

Denaturing reagent; Commonly used in conjunction with polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for the fractionation of single-stranded nucleic acids with chains of up to 200 nucleotides

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

R. Poulson et al.
The Ribonucleic Acids, 333-333 (1977)
Fractionation of low molecular weight DNA or RNA in polyacrylamide gels containing 98% formamide or 7 M urea.
T Maniatis et al.
Methods in enzymology, 65(1), 299-305 (1980-01-01)
A Paulus et al.
Electrophoresis, 14(1-2), 27-35 (1993-01-01)
DNA digest analysis with polymer-filled capillaries in capillary electrophoresis is described. The samples analyzed consisted of commercially available standards including a 100 base pair ladder with repeating units up to 2000 base pairs. Three DNA digests covered the most common...
R.C. Ogden et al.
Methods in Enzymology, 152, 66-66 (1987)
Gurudayal et al.
Nano letters, 15(6), 3833-3839 (2015-05-06)
Photoelectrochemical water splitting half reactions on semiconducting photoelectrodes have received much attention but efficient overall water splitting driven by a single photoelectrode has remained elusive due to stringent electronic and thermodynamic property requirements. Utilizing a tandem configuration wherein the total...

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