Kaempferol is a polyphenolic antioxidant abundantly present in vegetables and fruits. It has a diphenylpropane structure. In many plants, it is present as a glycosidic form namely, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside.
Kaempferol is hydrophobic in nature due to its diphenylpropane group. It exerts anti-inflammatory actions along with their antioxidant properties and modulates pro-inflammatory enzyme activities. Kaempferol acts as a chemopreventive agent by exerting protective effects on cell viability. It modulates several key elements of cellular signal transduction pathways linked to apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastasis, and inflammation.
Potent inhibitor of osteoclastic bone resorption. The effect is believed to be attributable to both the antioxidant and estrogenic activities of kaempferol.