63689

Sigma-Aldrich

2-Mercaptoethanol

BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.0% (GC)

Synonym(s):
β-Mercaptoethanol, BME, Thioethylene glycol, 2-Hydroxyethylmercaptan
Linear Formula:
HSCH2CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
773648
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

vapor density

2.69 (vs air)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

BioUltra

assay

≥99.0% (GC)

form

liquid

expl. lim.

18 %

concentration

14.3 M (pure liquid)

application(s)

RNA extraction: suitable
protein extraction: suitable

impurities

DNases, none detected
RNases, none detected
insoluble matter, passes filter test
phosphatases, none detected
proteases, none detected

refractive index

n20/D 1.500 (lit.)
n20/D 1.501

pH

4.5-6 (20 °C, 500 g/L)

bp

157 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 0.5 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

density

1.114 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤1 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

OCCS

λ

0.5 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 1.5
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.3

storage temp.

2-8°C

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2

InChI key

DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

2-Mercaptoethanol has been used
  • in the protein extraction buffer prepared for leaf samples.
  • as a supplement in cell culture media.
  • in the procedure of RNA extraction.
BME is suitable for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and is usually included in a sample buffer for SDS-PAGE at a concentration of 5%. Cleaving intermolecular (between subunits) disulfide bonds allows the subunits of a protein to separate independently on SDS-PAGE. Cleaving intramolecular (within subunit) disulfide bonds allows the subunits to become completely denatured so that each peptide migrates according to its chain length with no influence due to secondary structure.

Other Notes

Isolation of RNA using guanidinium salts. Inclusion of a reductant enhances denaturation by breaking intramolecular protein disulfide bonds

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 2 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1A - STOT RE 2 Oral

storage_class_code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

165.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

74 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

The interplay between protein L-isoaspartyl methyltransferase activity and insulin-like signaling to extend lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Khare S et al.
PLoS ONE, 6, e20850-e20850 (2011)
Adam Healey et al.
Plant methods, 10, 21-21 (2014-07-24)
Next-generation sequencing technologies rely on high quality DNA that is suitable for library preparation followed by sequencing. Some plant species store large amounts of phenolics and polysaccharides within their leaf tissue making genomic DNA extraction difficult. While many DNA extraction...
Microfluidic extraction, stretching and analysis of human chromosomal DNA from single cells.
Benitez JJ et al.
Lab on a chip, 12, 4848-4848 (2012)
Isolation of RNA using guanidinium salts.
R J MacDonald et al.
Methods in enzymology, 152, 219-227 (1987-01-01)
Katharina Rothe et al.
Blood, 123(23), 3622-3634 (2014-04-24)
Previous studies demonstrated that imatinib mesylate (IM) induces autophagy in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and that this process is critical to cell survival upon therapy. However, it is not known if the autophagic process differs at basal levels between CML...
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