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71687

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium hydroxide

BioUltra, for luminescence, ≥98.0% (T), pellets

Synonym(s):
Caustic Lye, Caustic Soda, Soda Lye, Sodium Hydrate, ‘Caustic soda’
Linear Formula:
NaOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
40.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

grade

for luminescence

Quality Level

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C)
3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

product line

BioUltra

Assay

≥98.0% (T)

form

pellets

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

insoluble matter, passes filter test
≤0.0003% total nitrogen (N)
≤0.0005% silicon dioxide (SiO2)
≤1.0% sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)

mp

318 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

density

2.13 g/cm3

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤70 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Ag: ≤5 mg/kg
Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
Hg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤500 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

[OH-].[Na+]

λ

1 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.015
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01

suitability

in accordance for luminescence

InChI

1S/Na.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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Supelco

1.06498

Sodium hydroxide

grade

for luminescence

grade

ACS reagent

grade

semiconductor grade

grade

-

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C), 3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C), 3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C), 3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C), 3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

assay

≥98.0% (T)

assay

≥97.0%

assay

99.99% trace metals basis

assay

≥99% NaOH basis (acidimetric)

form

pellets

form

pellets

form

pellets

form

pellets

impurities

insoluble matter, passes filter test, ≤0.0003% total nitrogen (N), ≤0.0005% silicon dioxide (SiO2), ≤1.0% sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds, ≤0.02% NH4OH ppt., ≤1.0% Na2CO3

impurities

<1% Na2CO3

impurities

≤0.0003% Total nitrogen (N)

General description

Sodium Hydroxide, also known as caustic soda or lye, is a white crystalline odorless solid which is corrosive and absorbs moisture from the air. When dissolved in water, Sodium Hydroxide generates heat to ignite combustible materials. In the form of pellets, Sodium Hydroxide, when dissolved, forms a colorless liquid, denser than water.

Application

Sodium Hydroxide is generally used in the solid or 50% solution form. It is suitable for use at various stages of soaps, paper, rayon, and petroleum product manufacturing. It is also used in carbohydrate research using FTIR analysis. Sodium Hydroxide is used as a pre-treatment reagent to study enzymatic hydrolysis.

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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