L-α-Hydroxyglutaric acid disodium salt

≥98.0% (GC)

(S)-2-Hydroxypentanedioic acid disodium salt, Disodium (S)-2-hydroxyglutarate
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


≥98.0% (GC)


powder or crystals

optical activity

[α]/D -8.5±1.5°, c = 1 in 0.1 M NaOH


≤6.0% water

relevant disease(s)


storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

Glutamic acid is metabolized to α-Hydroxyglutaric acid in an NAD-dependent manner by cell-free extracts of Peptococcus aerogenes. It is formed as an intermediate during glyoxylic acid metabolism in bacteria.


L-α-Hydroxyglutaric acid disodium salt is suitable for use in collection buffer for increased recovery of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1α), a marker of hypoxia in human tumors. It is also suitable for the radiolabeled 5mC-5hmC conversion assay to study the effect of 2-HG on the TET family of methyl hydroxylases.

Biochem/physiol Actions

L-alpha-Hydroxyglutaric acid accumulates as a result of a rare defect in L-2-HG dehydogenase, leading to the metabolic disorder L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (L-2HGA). L-2HGA is associated with neuronal defects, leukodystrophy and linked to an increased risk of brain tumors.


Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

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  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. Is Product 90790, L-α-Hydroxyglutaric acid disodium salt cell membrane permeable?

    We have not tested the cell membrane permeability of Product 90790, L-α-Hydroxyglutaric acid disodium salt.  A helpful reference discussing the use of L-α-Hydroxyglutaric acid disodium salt to treat zebrafish is listed below.Parng, C. et al., Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 28, 509-516 , (2006).

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A S Bleiweis et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 94(5), 1560-1564 (1967-11-01)
Aspergillus glaucus, cultured on sodium propionate-mineral salts medium, incorporates (14)C-glyoxylate into labeled alpha-hydroxyglutaric acid within 30 sec. Mycelial extracts retain this biosynthetic capacity, which is destroyed by heating. Propionyl-2-(14)C-coenzyme A also in incorporated into labeled alpha-hydroxyglutaric acid by these mycelial...
Hugh Colvin et al.
Scientific reports, 6, 36289-36289 (2016-11-09)
Deranged metabolism is a hallmark of cancer, playing a significant role in driving the disease process. One such example is the induction of carcinogenesis by the oncometabolite D-2 hydroxyglutarate (D-2HG), which is produced by the mutated enzyme isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)...
Rapid separation of some common intermediates of microbial metabolism by thin-layer chromatography.
A S Bleiweis et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 20(2), 335-338 (1967-08-01)
The production of alpha-hydroxyglutaric acid from glutamic acid by cell-free preparations of Peptococcus aerogenes.
W M Johnson et al.
Canadian journal of biochemistry, 47(12), 1103-1107 (1969-12-01)
Xudong Fu et al.
Cell metabolism, 22(3), 508-515 (2015-07-21)
We discovered recently that the central metabolite α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) extends the lifespan of C. elegans through inhibition of ATP synthase and TOR signaling. Here we find, unexpectedly, that (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate ((R)-2HG), an oncometabolite that interferes with various α-KG-mediated processes, similarly extends...
We describe here a rapid and sensitive method to separate and measure D-2-OHG and L-2-OHG enantiomers using high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) detection.
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