91077C

SAFC

Insulin, Human Recombinant

for research or for further manufacturing use, dry powder

Synonym(s):
Insulin sodium salt human, rh-Insulin
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

sterility

sterile; 0.2 μm filtered

form

dry powder

potency

≥27.5 units per mg

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

≤1.0 EU/mL endotoxin

solubility

water: 10 mg/mL (pH 2.0—2.5)

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI key

PBGKTOXHQIOBKM-FHFVDXKLSA-N

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

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General description

Insulin, recombinant human (rHu) is identical in function and structure to the native human sequence. A hormone consisting of two polypeptide chains, rHu Insulin′s A-chain (21 amino acids) and B-chain (30 amino acids) are covalently linked by disulfide bonds between cysteine residues. This genetically engineered human insulin is a full sequence molecule producted by recombinant DNA technology in baker′s yeast.

Application

Serum-free medium supplements such as insulin are essential for long-term growth of commonly used mammalian cell lines. When insulin is absent from media, cell may exhibit disturbances in morphology and growth rate.
  • Recombinant Human Insulin has been used in the media for adipogenic induction of mesenchymal stem cells.
  • It has been used as a supplement in the cell culture media of airway epithelial cells.
  • It has been used in the culture media for differentiation of cells, GLUT4 (glucose transporter type 4) translocation assay and to study interaction of insulin with insulin receptor via surface plasmon resonance.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Two-chain polypeptide hormone produced by the β-cells of pancreatic islets. Its molecular weight is ~5800 Da. The α and β chains are joined by two interchain disulfide bonds. The α chain contains an intrachain disulfide bond. Insulin regulates the cellular uptake, utilization, and storage of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids and inhibits the breakdown of glycogen, protein, and fat.

Other Notes

InChI: 1S/C257H383N65O77S6/c1-29-131(23)205(313-193(339)104-259)252(393)317-204(130(21)22)248(389)288-159(75-82-200(349)350)217(358)282-156(71-78-189(263)335)221(362)308-183-116-403-404-117-184-243(384)305-178(111-324)240(381)294-162(88-123(7)8)225(366)295-168(95-140-53-61-146(329)62-54-140)228(369)283-154(69-76-187(261)333)218(359)290-161(87-122(5)6)223(364)285-158(74-81-199(347)348)220(361)302-174(101-190(264)336)235(376)298-170(97-142-57-65-148(331)66-58-142)231(372)309-182(242(383)304-176(255(396)397)103-192(266)338)115-402-400-113-180(307-226(367)163(89-124(9)10)291-232(373)172(99-144-105-269-119-275-144)300-219(360)155(70-77-188(262)334)284-234(375)175(102-191(265)337)303-249(390)201(127(15)16)314-211(352)150(260)92-137-44-34-31-35-45-137)213(354)274-109-196(342)280-177(110-323)239(380)301-173(100-145-106-270-120-276-145)233(374)293-165(91-126(13)14)237(378)315-202(128(17)18)247(388)287-157(73-80-198(345)346)215(356)277-133(25)210(351)289-160(86-121(3)4)224(365)296-169(96-141-55-63-147(330)64-56-141)229(370)292-164(90-125(11)12)236(377)316-203(129(19)20)250(391)311-181(114-401-405-118-185(310-244(183)385)245(386)319-207(134(26)326)253(394)306-179(112-325)241(382)318-206(132(24)30-2)251(392)312-184)214(355)273-107-194(340)278-153(72-79-197(343)344)216(357)281-151(51-42-84-271-257(267)268)212(353)272-108-195(341)279-166(93-138-46-36-32-37-47-138)227(368)297-167(94-139-48-38-33-39-49-139)230(371)299-171(98-143-59-67-149(332)68-60-143)238(379)320-208(135(27)327)254(395)322-85-43-52-186(322)246(387)286-152(50-40-41-83-258)222(363)321-209(136(28)328)256(398)399/h31-39,44-49,53-68,105-106,119-136,150-186,201-209,323-332H,29-30,40-43,50-52,69-104,107-118,258-260H2,1-28H3,(H2,261,333)(H2,262,334)(H2,263,335)(H2,264,336)(H2,265,337)(H2,266,338)(H,269,275)(H,270,276)(H,272,353)(H,273,355)(H,274,354)(H,277,356)(H,278,340)(H,279,341)(H,280,342)(H,281,357)(H,282,358)(H,283,369)(H,284,375)(H,285,364)(H,286,387)(H,287,388)(H,288,389)(H,289,351)(H,290,359)(H,291,373)(H,292,370)(H,293,374)(H,294,381)(H,295,366)(H,296,365)(H,297,368)(H,298,376)(H,299,371)(H,300,360)(H,301,380)(H,302,361)(H,303,390)(H,304,383)(H,305,384)(H,306,394)(H,307,367)(H,308,362)(H,309,372)(H,310,385)(H,311,391)(H,312,392)(H,313,339)(H,314,352)(H,315,378)(H,316,377)(H,317,393)(H,318,382)(H,319,386)(H,320,379)(H,321,363)(H,343,344)(H,345,346)(H,347,348)(H,349,350)(H,396,397)(H,398,399)(H4,267,268,271)

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

nwg

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Tracey Pirali et al.
ChemMedChem, 12(18), 1542-1554 (2017-09-01)
Activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is a key signaling event in cancer, inflammation, and other proliferative diseases. PI3K inhibitors are already approved for some specific clinical indications, but their systemic on-target toxicity limits their larger use. In particular...
Glucocorticoids Distinctively Modulate the CFTR Channel with Possible Implications in Lung Development and Transition into Extrauterine Life.
Laube M, et al.
PLoS ONE, 10, e0124833-e0124833 (2015)
Kathryn G V Anderson et al.
Nature cell biology, 19(10), 1164-1177 (2017-09-26)
Signalling downstream of Activin/Nodal (ActA) and Wnt can induce endoderm differentiation and also support self-renewal in pluripotent cells. Here we find that these apparently contradictory activities are fine-tuned by insulin. In the absence of insulin, the combination of these cytokines...
Sandip Mukherjee et al.
PloS one, 12(1), e0169809-e0169809 (2017-01-11)
Dramatic increase of diabetes over the globe is in tandem with the increase in insulin requirement. This is because destruction and dysfunction of pancreatic β-cells are of common occurrence in both Type1 diabetes and Type2 diabetes, and insulin injection becomes...
Zhening Zhang et al.
eLife, 7 (2018-03-30)
Insulin degrading enzyme (IDE) plays key roles in degrading peptides vital in type two diabetes, Alzheimer's, inflammation, and other human diseases. However, the process through which IDE recognizes peptides that tend to form amyloid fibrils remained unsolved. We used cryoEM...

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