Trizma® hydrochloride

BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.0% (AT)

TRIS HCl, Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane hydrochloride, TRIS hydrochloride, Tromethane hydrochloride
Linear Formula:
NH2C(CH2OH)3 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


for molecular biology

product line



≥99.0% (AT)


powder or crystals


DNases, none detected
RNases, none detected
insoluble matter, passes filter test
phosphatases, none detected
proteases, none detected

ign. residue

≤0.2% (as SO4)


≤0.2% loss on drying, 110 °C


2.5-4.0 (25 °C, 4 M in H2O)

useful pH range

7.0 - 9.0

pKa (25 °C)



150-152 °C


H2O: 4 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg


4 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.12
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.08

SMILES string




InChI key


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The pH values of all buffers are temperature and concentration dependent. For Tris buffers, pH increases about 0.03 unit per °C decrease in temperature, and decreases 0.03-0.05 unit per ten-fold dilution.
For precise applications, use a carefully calibrated pH meter with a glass/calomel combination electrode.
Trizma is used in the formulation of buffer solutions in the pH range between 7.5 and 8.5. Tris buffer solutions are widely used in cell and molecular biology for processes such as protein and nucleic acid extraction and purification. Trizma based buffers are also in column chromatography and in gel electrophoresis. Trizma hydrochloride is used as a general reagent for the preparation of all types of Tris buffers.

Other Notes

Easily compare specifications for Trizma HCl products with the Trizma HCl specification table.
Component of extraction buffer e.g. phenol extraction of DNA or RNA; Buffer component of separating and stacking gels in the characterization of in vitro translation products by SDS-PAGE.

Legal Information

Trizma is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Santiago Vilanova et al.
Plant methods, 16, 110-110 (2020-08-15)
The use of sequencing and genotyping platforms has undergone dramatic improvements, enabling the generation of a wealth of genomic information. Despite this progress, the availability of high-quality genomic DNA (gDNA) in sufficient concentrations is often a main limitation, especially for...
D Sirieix et al.
American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 155(3), 957-963 (1997-03-01)
Metabolic acidosis induces a decrease in the developed force of cardiac muscle by affecting every step of the excitation--contraction coupling pathway. Due to transient worsening in intracellular acidosis, the value of administering sodium bicarbonate therapeutically during acute acidosis has been...
G G Nahas et al.
Drugs, 55(2), 191-224 (1998-03-20)
THAM (trometamol; tris-hydroxymethyl aminomethane) is a biologically inert amino alcohol of low toxicity, which buffers carbon dioxide and acids in vitro and in vivo. At 37 degrees C, the pK (the pH at which the weak conjugate acid or base...
Characterization of in vitro translation products.
R Jagus
Methods in enzymology, 152, 296-304 (1987-01-01)
Large- and small-scale phenol extractions.
D M Wallace
Methods in enzymology, 152, 33-41 (1987-01-01)

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