A8986

Sigma-Aldrich

Alexidine dihydrochloride

≥95% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
1,1′-Hexamethylene-bis(5-[2-ethylhexyl]biguanide)
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C26H56N10 · 2HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
581.71
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

white to off-white

solubility

DMSO: ≥10 mg/mL

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Cl.Cl.CCCCC(CC)CNC(=N)NC(=N)NCCCCCCNC(=N)NC(=N)NCC(CC)CCCC

InChI

1S/C26H56N10.2ClH/c1-5-9-15-21(7-3)19-33-25(29)35-23(27)31-17-13-11-12-14-18-32-24(28)36-26(30)34-20-22(8-4)16-10-6-2;;/h21-22H,5-20H2,1-4H3,(H5,27,29,31,33,35)(H5,28,30,32,34,36);2*1H

InChI key

BRJJFBHTDVWTCJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Packaging

10, 50 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Alexidine dihydrochloride is a potent and selective PTPMT1 (Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Localized to the Mitochondrion 1) inhibitor. Alexidine increases insulin secretion by isolated rat pancreatic islets.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Phosphoprotein Phosphatases (Tyrosine) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Target Organs

Respiratory system

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
T F Tsao et al.
Journal of dental research, 61(9), 1103-1106 (1982-09-01)
The susceptibility of selected oral bacteria, including suspected periodontopathogens, to a commonly employed Chinese herbal medicine Huang-chin (HC, Scutellaria baicalensis) was tested in vitro. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC) were determined. HC was also compared...
J A Chawner et al.
The Journal of applied bacteriology, 66(3), 243-252 (1989-03-01)
A comparative study of the growth inhibitory and bactericidal activities of two related bisbiguanide antiseptics, alexidine and chorhexidine is reported. Whilst overall bactericidal activities and MICs were similar, alexidine was more rapid in its action and it is suggested that...
Dahlia Doughty-Shenton et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 333(2), 584-592 (2010-02-20)
The dual-specificity protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play integral roles in the regulation of cell signaling. There is a need for new tools to study these phosphatases, and the identification of inhibitors potentially affords not only new means for their study...
J A Chawner et al.
The Journal of applied bacteriology, 66(3), 253-258 (1989-03-01)
Strains of Providencia stuartii with demonstrated resistance towards chlorhexidine did not show such resistance towards either of the related biguanide antiseptics, alexidine or vantocil. Alexidine promoted a significantly faster alteration in the permeability of Escherichia coli cell membranes towards various...
Kenneth W Yip et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 5(9), 2234-2240 (2006-09-21)
Despite advances in surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, novel therapeutics are needed for head and neck cancer treatment. The objective of this current study was to evaluate alexidine dihydrochloride as a novel compound lead for head and neck cancers. Using a...
Articles
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